Resequencing of 429 chickpea accessions from 45 countries provides insights into genome diversity, domestication and agronomic traits

@article{Varshney2019ResequencingO4,
  title={Resequencing of 429 chickpea accessions from 45 countries provides insights into genome diversity, domestication and agronomic traits},
  author={Rajeev Kumar Varshney and Mahendar Thudi and Manish Roorkiwal and Weiming He and Hari D. Upadhyaya and Wei Yang and Prasad Bajaj and Philippe Cubry and Abhishek Rathore and Jianbo Jian and Dadakhalandar Doddamani and Aamir W. Khan and Vanika Garg and Annapurna Chitikineni and Dawen Xu and Pooran M. Gaur and Narendra Pratap Singh and Sushil K. Chaturvedi and Gangarao V P R Nadigatla and Lakshmanan Krishnamurthy and Girish Prasad Dixit and Asnake Fikre and Paul K. Kimurto and Sheshshayee M. Sreeman and Chellapilla Bharadwaj and Shailesh Tripathi and Jun Wang and Suk-Ha Lee and David Edwards and Kavi Kishor Bilhan Polavarapu and R. Varma Penmetsa and Jos{\'e} Crossa and Henry T. Nguyen and Kadambot H. M. Siddique and Timothy David Colmer and Tim Sutton and Eric J B von Wettberg and Yves Vigouroux and Xun Xu and Xin Liu},
  journal={Nature Genetics},
  year={2019},
  volume={51},
  pages={857-864}
}
We report a map of 4.97 million single-nucleotide polymorphisms of the chickpea from whole-genome resequencing of 429 lines sampled from 45 countries. We identified 122 candidate regions with 204 genes under selection during chickpea breeding. Our data suggest the Eastern Mediterranean as the primary center of origin and migration route of chickpea from the Mediterranean/Fertile Crescent to Central Asia, and probably in parallel from Central Asia to East Africa (Ethiopia) and South Asia (India… 
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