Research on Religion, Spirituality, and Mental Health: A Review

  title={Research on Religion, Spirituality, and Mental Health: A Review},
  author={Harold G. Koenig},
  journal={The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry},
  pages={283 - 291}
  • H. Koenig
  • Published 1 May 2009
  • Psychology
  • The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry
Religious and spiritual factors are increasingly being examined in psychiatric research. Religious beliefs and practices have long been linked to hysteria, neurosis, and psychotic delusions. However, recent studies have identified another side of religion that may serve as a psychological and social resource for coping with stress. After defining the terms religion and spirituality, this paper reviews research on the relation between religion and (or) spirituality, and mental health, focusing… 
A Study of Religiosity in Relation to Spirituality and Anxiety
Religion, spirituality and mental health are increasingly being examined in psychiatric research. Religious beliefs and practices have long been linked to hysteria, neurosis, anxiety and psychotic
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Against the Stream: religion and mental health – the case for the inclusion of religion and spirituality into psychiatric care
  • S. Dein
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    BJPsych Bulletin
  • 2018
It is argued that measures of religious coping, both positive and negative, may provide a more accurate portrayal as to how individuals deploy religion in their lives than global measures such as belief and attendance.
Religiousness/Spirituality and Schizophrenia: Implications for Treatment and Community Support
Previous research into psychosis as it relates to religion or spirituality has focused on the phenomenon of religious delusion. Due to the prevalence of religious material in delusional systems, some
Religiousness and Mental Health: Systematic Review Study
The goal of this paper was to systematically review the recent psychological literature to assess the role of religion in mental health outcomes, and a comprehensive literature search was conducted using medical and psychological databases on the relationship between religiosity and mental health.
Spirituality, Religiousness and Mental Health: Scientific Evidence
This chapter reviews the main and most robust scientific evidence on the relationship between Religiousness/Spirituality (R/S) and mental health. We discuss the proposed mechanisms involved in this
Spirituality, Religion and Suicide: French Findings
The association between spirituality and health is an emerging area of research, relatively little explored in Europe. Spirituality and religiousness are associated with lower rates of physical,
Clinical Implications of Research on Religion, Spirituality, and Mental Health
  • M. Baetz, J. Toews
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie
  • 2009
This work attempts to examine potential mechanisms that have been proposed as mediators for the RS and mental health relation, and practical ways to incorporate psychospiritual interventions into patient treatment, with specific reference to more common spiritual issues.
The relationships between religion/spirituality and Mental and Physical Health: A review
In this review, the relationships between religion/spirituality and mental and physical health are represented and various factors with different mechanisms influence this relationship.
Religion, spirituality, and mental illness among working professionals: an in-depth interview study
ABSTRACT Religion and spirituality (R/S) tend to be associated with emotional wellbeing, but less is known about how they function in the lives of people with mental illness. This paper presents an


The Assessment of Spirituality and Religiousness in Schizophrenia
The high prevalence of spirituality and religious coping clearly indicates the necessity of addressing spirituality in patient care, and the clinical grid developed and tested proved its applicability to a broad diversity of religious beliefs, even pathological ones.
Concerns About Measuring “Spirituality” in Research
  • H. Koenig
  • Philosophy
    The Journal of nervous and mental disease
  • 2008
Either spirituality should be defined and measured in traditional terms as a unique, uncontaminated construct, or it should be eliminated from use in academic research.
Spirituality and religious practices among outpatients with schizophrenia and their clinicians.
Religion is an important issue for patients with schizophrenia, and it is often not related to the content of their delusions, and Clinicians were commonly not aware of their patients' religious involvement, even if they reported feeling comfortable with such an issue.
The Association Between Spiritual and Religious Involvement and Depressive Symptoms in a Canadian Population
It is evident that spirituality/religion has an important effect on depressive symptoms, but this study underscores the complexity of this relationship.
How Spiritual Values and Worship Attendance Relate to Psychiatric Disorders in the Canadian Population
An association between higher worship frequency and lower odds of depression is confirmed and it expands that finding to other psychiatric disorders.
Religious beliefs and practices are associated with better mental health in family caregivers of patients with dementia: findings from the REACH study.
  • R. Hebert, Q. Dang, R. Schulz
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The American journal of geriatric psychiatry : official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry
  • 2007
Religious beliefs and practices, and religious attendance in particular, are associated with better mental health in family caregivers of persons with dementia.
The contribution of spirituality and spiritual coping to anxiety and depression in women with a recent diagnosis of gynecological cancer
It is found that younger women with more advanced disease, who used more negative spiritual cope, had a greater tendency towards depression and that the use of negative spiritual coping was associated with greater anxiety scores.
Religious Coping Methods as Predictors of Psychological, Physical and Spiritual Outcomes among Medically Ill Elderly Patients: A Two-year Longitudinal Study
Religious coping was significantly predictive of spiritual outcome, and changes in mental and physical health, and after controlling for relevant variables after two years of follow-up.
The prevalence of religious coping among persons with persistent mental illness.
The results of the study suggest that religious activities and beliefs may be particularly compelling for persons who are experiencing more severe symptoms, and increased religious activity may be associated with reduced symptoms.
Religiousness and depression: evidence for a main effect and the moderating influence of stressful life events.
The association between religiousness and depressive symptoms was examined with meta-analytic methods across 147 independent investigations, indicating that greater religiousness is mildly associated with fewer symptoms.