Research on Middle School Renewal: Should Middle Grades Students Be Left Alone after School?

@article{Mertens2003ResearchOM,
  title={Research on Middle School Renewal: Should Middle Grades Students Be Left Alone after School?},
  author={Steven B. Mertens and Nancy Flowers and Peter F . Mulhall},
  journal={Middle School Journal},
  year={2003},
  volume={34},
  pages={57 - 61}
}
nities have a long-standing history of creating high-quality after-school programs for elemen tary school children, the community response to young adolescents has too often been to ignore their needs because they are not clearly under stood (Kerewsky & Lefstein, 1982). Of the more than 17,000 organizations that offer communi ty-based youth programs during non-school hours, only 29% of young adolescents are reached with these programs (Carnegie Council on Adolescent Development, 1995). Clearly… 
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References

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The results of this study indicated that latchkey youth (LKY) who were home alone two or more days per week were four times more likely to have gotten drunk in the past month than those youth who had parental supervision five or more times a week.
Substance use among eighth-grade students who take care of themselves after school.
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Path analyses suggest that risk-taking, having friends who smoke, and being offered cigarettes may partially explain the relationship between self-care and substance use, and that more than one mechanism may account for the associated increase.
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Mertens (mertens@uiuc.edu) is a senior research scientist
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