Requirement of Intact Adenosine A1 Receptors for the Diuretic and Natriuretic Action of the Methylxanthines Theophylline and Caffeine

@article{Rieg2005RequirementOI,
  title={Requirement of Intact Adenosine A1 Receptors for the Diuretic and Natriuretic Action of the Methylxanthines Theophylline and Caffeine},
  author={Timo Rieg and Hannah Steigele and Jurgen Schnermann and Kerstin Richter and Hartmut Osswald and Volker Vallon},
  journal={Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics},
  year={2005},
  volume={313},
  pages={403 - 409}
}
Although the diuretic and natriuretic effects of the methylxanthines caffeine and theophylline are well established, the mechanisms responsible for these effects are unclear and may be related to inhibition of phosphodiesterases and/or antagonism of adenosine receptors. With regard to the latter, pharmacological blockade of A1 receptors can induce diuresis and natriuresis by inhibition of proximal tubular reabsorption. To elucidate the role of the A1 receptor in renal actions of methylxanthines… 

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