Repurposing 13-cis-retinoic Acid: a Potential Treatment for Aneurysms-osteoarthritis Syndrome

  • Published 2015

Abstract

Approximately 7000 rare disorders exist, affecting 2 percent of Canadians and millions of people worldwide. Given that for many rare diseases only one allele is mutated, we hypothesize inducing expression of the remaining wild-type allele may have a therapeutic effect. SMAD3 heterozygosity results in Aneurysms-Osteoarthritis Syndrome (AOS) – an aortic aneurysm disorder also known as Loeys-Dietz Syndrome Type 3. We conducted a screen of FDA-approved compounds and found that 13-cisretinoic acid (13-CRA) induces SMAD3 in normal human fibroblast cultures. Treatment with therapeutic concentrations of 13-CRA increased SMAD3 mRNA in normal human fibroblasts, patient fibroblasts, wild-type murine vascular smooth muscle cells and Smad3+/murine vascular smooth muscle cells. Increases in SMAD3 protein were also observed in normal human fibroblasts, patient fibroblasts, and wild-type murine vascular smooth muscle cells. Immunofluorescent imaging revealed the primary site of protein induction to be nuclear. We report here the in vitro induction of SMAD3 mRNA and protein by therapeutic levels of 13-CRA and suggest further investigation of this modality for the treatment of AOS.

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{2015Repurposing1A, title={Repurposing 13-cis-retinoic Acid: a Potential Treatment for Aneurysms-osteoarthritis Syndrome}, author={}, year={2015} }