Reproductive pattern in the brooding and broadcasting sea star Pteraster militaris

@article{McClary1989ReproductivePI,
  title={Reproductive pattern in the brooding and broadcasting sea star Pteraster militaris},
  author={Daniel J. McClary and Philip V. Mladenov},
  journal={Marine Biology},
  year={1989},
  volume={103},
  pages={531-540}
}
Pteraster militaris (O. F. Müller, 1776) broods young in an aboral chamber and broadcasts gametes and offspring as well. The reproductive cycle of a population of P. militaris from the northwest Atlantic Ocean was examined over a 23 mo period from September 1985 to July 1987. The species is gonochoric (sex ratio 1:1), with only one incidence of hermaphroditism observed (n=261). Gonad indices were lower in females than in males, possibly an adaptation to the limited space available in the brood… 
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