Reproductive failure of dominant males in the poeciliid fish Limia perugiae determined by DNA fingerprinting.

@article{Schartl1993ReproductiveFO,
  title={Reproductive failure of dominant males in the poeciliid fish Limia perugiae determined by DNA fingerprinting.},
  author={Manfred Schartl and C Erbelding-Denk and Sabine M H{\"o}lter and Indrajit Nanda and Michael Schmid and Johannes Horst Schr{\"o}der and J{\"o}rg T. Epplen},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={1993},
  volume={90 15},
  pages={7064-8}
}
Hierarchical structures among male individuals in a population are frequently reflected in differences in aggressive and reproductive behavior and access to the females. In general, social dominance requires large investments, which in turn then may have to be compensated for by high reproductive success. However, this hypothesis has so far only been sufficiently tested in small mating groups (one or two males with one or two females) due to the difficulties of determining paternity by… CONTINUE READING