Reproductive differences between woodpeckers and secondary hole-nesters

  title={Reproductive differences between woodpeckers and secondary hole-nesters},
  • Published 2011
Woodpeckers differ from most birds in several ways. They have powerful bills and excavate nesting cavities, and compared with most other birds of equivalent size they have relatively small clutches, relatively small eggs, and short incubation periods whereas the chicks remain in the nest for a relatively long time. Based upon the literature, I have compared the reproductive patterns of seven «true» Nordic woodpeckers (Picinae) with that of eight secondary hole-nesting species (particularly five… CONTINUE READING

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