Reproductive Politics in Twentieth-Century France and Britain

  title={Reproductive Politics in Twentieth-Century France and Britain},
  author={Jesse Olszynko-Gryn and Caroline Rusterholz},
  journal={Medical History},
  pages={117 - 133}
This special issue adopts a comparative approach to the politics of reproduction in twentieth-century France and Britain. The articles investigate the flow of information, practices and tools across national boundaries and between groups of experts, activists and laypeople. Empirically grounded in medical, news media and feminist sources, as well as ethnographic fieldwork, they reveal the practical similarities that existed between countries with officially different political regimes as well… 

Contraception and Catholicism in the Twentieth Century: Transnational Perspectives on Expert, Activist and Intimate Practices

This special issue seeks to underscore the ways in which individuals and organisations used, adapted and contested local and transnational ideas and debate around family planning.

‘New eugenics,’ gender and sexuality: a global perspective on reproductive politics and sex education in Cold War Europe

ABSTRACT The article addresses reproductive politics and sex education in Cold War Europe in light of novel historical research. Integrating sex education into reproductive politics it delineates

Doing and undoing nation through ART: a Franco–American comparison

  • R. Bhatia
  • Art
    Reproductive biomedicine & society online
  • 2020

Reframing the ‘laws of life’: catholic doctors, natural law and the evolution of catholic sexology in interwar Britain

ABSTRACT Dr Halliday Sutherland and Dr Letitia Fairfield are not immediately-recognisable names today, but in mid-twentieth century Britain both these Catholics doctors attained high public profiles

A Contested Pill: Transnational Controversies over Medical Abortion in Germany, France, and the United States

In 1988, French pharmaceutical company Roussel Uclaf introduced Mifepristone (RU 486), a pill which medically induces abortion, but withdrew the drug one month later after severe protests. The

Family planning, the pill, and reproductive agency in Italy, 1945–1971: From ‘conscious procreation’ to ‘a new fundamental right’?

  • M. Bracke
  • Sociology
    European Review of History: Revue européenne d'histoire
  • 2021
ABSTRACT The article analyses post-war family planning campaigning in Italy and the legalization of the Pill (1971), in order to illustrate wider processes of change in sexual norms and practices,

Constituting ‘Problems’ through Policies: A WPR Approach of Policies Governing Teenage Pregnancy in France

This article examines the construction of policy problems through the exploration of the theoretical space opened up by the ‘What’s the Problem Represented to be?’ (WPR) approach developed by Bacchi

The highly complex issue of conscientious objection to abortion: can the recent European Court of Human Rights ruling Grimmark v. Sweden redefine the notions of care before freedom of conscience?

Two recent European Court of Human Rights decisions which have rejected, on grounds of non-admissibility, the appeals by two Swedish midwives who refused to carry out abortion-related services, basing their refusal on conscientious objection, are elaborated.

The Influence of Abortion Law on the Frequency of Pregnancy Terminations—A Retrospective Comparative Study

The study aimed to assess the influence of abortion law on the number of performed terminations with particular attention paid to pregnancy terminations due to fetal defects in Poland and the UK and found that population size is the only significant predictor of the number in the United Kingdom.



Religion and Contraception in Comparative Perspective—Switzerland, 1950–1970

This chapter analyses the changes in the position of the Catholic authorities on birth control and the laity’s initiatives to spread information on this issue before and after the publication of

Birth Control and the Population Question in England, 1877-1930

The response of individuals and organizations drawn into the debate over birth control and the consequences of diminished fertility mirrored their attitudes toward the profound social, economic, moral, political, and cultural changes altering Great Britain and its influential position in the world.

The feminist appropriation of pregnancy testing in 1970s Britain

By following the practice of pregnancy testing, it is shown that, at the grassroots level, local women’s centres were in the vanguard of not only access to contraception and abortion rights, but also awareness about infertility and menopause.

Contemporary Feminist Politics: Women and Power in Britain

This is a detailed account of feminist politics in Britain from the late 1970s to the early 1990s. The authors trace the movement's accomplishments and defeats over four successive Conservative

Moral Reform and the Anti-Abortion Movement

  • A. Clarke
  • Political Science
    The Sociological review
  • 1987
The rhetoric employed by the anti- abortion movement during this period is considered by focusing on the campaign literature, the evidence submitted to various committees of inquiry and public statements made by leading anti-abortionists.

Francophobia, Anti-Americanism: Narratives of the Trans-Atlantic Other in French and U.S. News on Abortion-Related Issues

This article examines the interplay of abortion and nationalism in French and U.S. print news discussions of abortion-related issues. U.S. news stories on RU-486 and French news stories on prolife

The 'Perfect Contraceptive': Eugenics and Birth Control Research in Britain and America in the Interwar Years

In recent years, the study of eugenics and birth control, particularly in Britain and America, has become something of a scholarly industry. The former subject has tended to preoccupy more students

Blessed Motherhood, Bitter Fruit: Nelly Roussel and the Politics of Female Pain in Third Republic France

Nelly Roussel (1878-1922)-the first feminist spokeswoman for birth control in Europe-challenged both the men of early twentieth-century France, who sought to preserve the status quo, and the women

“Closer Together”: Durex Condoms and Contraceptive Consumerism in 1970s Britain

Durex’s “Closer Encounters” campaign, displayed on billboards across Britain in 1979, marked a significant moment of transition for the Durex brand. Not only was it one of the company’s highest

Procreating France: The Politics of Demography, 1919-1945

In 1991 the demographer and government official Herve Le Bras published Marianne et les lapins, a highly critical study of the ideological foundations of French demography. In it he claimed that a