Reproduction and Resistance to Stress: When and How

  title={Reproduction and Resistance to Stress: When and How},
  author={John C. Wingfield and Robert Morris Sapolsky},
  journal={Journal of Neuroendocrinology},
Environmental and social stresses have deleterious effects on reproductive function in vertebrates. Global climate change, human disturbance and endocrine disruption from pollutants are increasingly likely to pose additional stresses that could have a major impact on human society. Nonetheless, some populations of vertebrates (from fish to mammals) are able to temporarily resist environmental and social stresses, and breed successfully. A classical trade‐off of reproductive success for… 

Stress, Well-Being and Reproductive Success.

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