Representing and solving the automated building design problem

Abstract

This paper and its companion 1 consider the problem of using the computer for architectural design purposes. There were attempts to automate the process of layout design as early as 30 years ago 2-4. Several approaches have been suggested. These can generally be classified into two main streams5: generation 6-13 and evaluation 14-17. Owing to the failure of existing models to allow the setting of real-world design constraints and the generation of accurate and detailed plans, the trend in architects' offices has been to use computers primarily as sophisticated draughting machines is and, in some cases, as geometric modellers. In recent years attempts have been made to redefine the role of computers in architectural design 19. New systems in which an integrated solution is provided 2°'21 have been introduced commercially. Our goal is to develop a true architects' assistant that actually helps to suggest alternative floorplans that meet design requirements. Informally speaking, the automated building design (ABD) problem can be stated as follows. Given a set of design constraints and preferences, design a building plan that satisfies these constraints and which is considered good with respect to the preferences. In our view, the architectural conceptual schematic design process is made up of three main stages. In the first stage, the architect, or designer, and the customer set the constraints that

DOI: 10.1016/0010-4485(94)90019-1

Cite this paper

@article{Schwarz1994RepresentingAS, title={Representing and solving the automated building design problem}, author={Avner Schwarz and Daniel M. Berry and Edna Shaviv}, journal={Computer-Aided Design}, year={1994}, volume={26}, pages={689-698} }