Representing Motion in a Static Image: Constraints and Parallels in Art, Science, and Popular Culture

@article{Cutting2002RepresentingMI,
  title={Representing Motion in a Static Image: Constraints and Parallels in Art, Science, and Popular Culture},
  author={James E. Cutting},
  journal={Perception},
  year={2002},
  volume={31},
  pages={1165 - 1193}
}
Representing motion in a picture is a challenge to artists, scientists, and all other imagemakers. Moreover, it presents a problem that will not go away with electronic and digital media, because often the pedagogical purpose of the representation of motion is more important than the motion itself. All satisfactory solutions evoke motion—for example, dynamic balance (or broken symmetry), stroboscopic sequences, affine shear (or forward lean), and photographic blur—but they also typically… 
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