Representing Affective Facial Expressions for Robots and Embodied Conversational Agents by Facial Landmarks

@article{Liu2013RepresentingAF,
  title={Representing Affective Facial Expressions for Robots and Embodied Conversational Agents by Facial Landmarks},
  author={Caixia Liu and Jaap Ham and Eric O. Postma and Cees J. H. Midden and Bart Joosten and Martijn Goudbeek},
  journal={International Journal of Social Robotics},
  year={2013},
  volume={5},
  pages={619-626}
}
Affective robots and embodied conversational agents require convincing facial expressions to make them socially acceptable. To be able to virtually generate facial expressions, we need to investigate the relationship between technology and human perception of affective and social signals. Facial landmarks, the locations of the crucial parts of a face, are important for perception of the affective and social signals conveyed by facial expressions. Earlier research did not use that kind of… 

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