Representations of Nature Mediating Between Ecology and Science Policy: The Case of the International Biological Programme

  title={Representations of Nature Mediating Between Ecology and Science Policy: The Case of the International Biological Programme},
  author={Chunglin Kwa},
  journal={Social Studies of Science},
  pages={413 - 442}
  • C. Kwa
  • Published 1 August 1987
  • Environmental Science
  • Social Studies of Science
This paper considers some aspects of the early history of the American contribution to the International Biological Programme (IBP), ecology's only venture into `Big Science'. It is argued that American ecologists were successful in obtaining generous funding for the IBP from the US Congress, thanks to a shared understanding of the way in which controlling nature was to be accomplished, expressed in the metaphor of the `cybernetic machine'. To support this argument, a literary analysis is… 

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