Representational disfluency in algebra: evidence from student gestures and speech

  title={Representational disfluency in algebra: evidence from student gestures and speech},
  author={Kristen N. Bieda and Mitchell J. Nathan},
In this investigation, we analyzed US middle school students’ (grades 6–8) gestures and speech during interviews to understand students’ reasoning while interpreting quantitative patterns represented by Cartesian graphs. We studied students’ representational fluency, defined as their abilities to work within and translate among representations. While students translated across representations to address task demands, they also translated to a different representation when reaching an impasse… 
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