Representation of negative motivational value in the primate lateral habenula

@article{Matsumoto2009RepresentationON,
  title={Representation of negative motivational value in the primate lateral habenula},
  author={Masayuki Matsumoto and Okihide Hikosaka},
  journal={Nature Neuroscience},
  year={2009},
  volume={12},
  pages={77-84}
}
An action may lead to either a reward or a punishment. Therefore, an appropriate action needs to be chosen on the basis of the values of both expected rewards and expected punishments. To understand the underlying neural mechanisms, we conditioned monkeys using a Pavlovian procedure with two distinct contexts: one in which rewards were available and another… CONTINUE READING