Of 510 traumatic renal injuries analyzed for the period 1960-1982, 95 patients demonstrated an injury of grade I-V according to the classification of Küster. 88 patients were treated by surgery, 73 had immediate exploration. 15 patients in whom surgery became necessary after a trial of non operative management demonstrated much more complications than those managed by early operative intervention. Nephrectomy had to be performed in 8 of these 15 patients. The value of early excretory urography, ultrasound and sometimes of CT in the diagnosis of renal injuries is discussed. Arteriography and retrograde pyelography are only useful in very selected cases.