Replication and transmission of influenza viruses in Japanese quail.

  title={Replication and transmission of influenza viruses in Japanese quail.},
  author={Natalia V. Makarova and Hiroishi Ozaki and Hiroshi Kida and Robert James Webster and Daniel Roberto Perez},
  volume={310 1},
Quail have emerged as a potential intermediate host in the spread of avian influenza A viruses in poultry in Hong Kong. To better understand this possible role, we tested the replication and transmission in quail of influenza A viruses of all 15 HA subtypes. Quail supported the replication of at least 14 subtypes. Influenza A viruses replicated predominantly in the respiratory tract. Transmission experiments suggested that perpetuation of avian influenza viruses in quail requires adaptation… CONTINUE READING


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