Replicating the Manchester Baby: motives, methods, and messages from the past

  title={Replicating the Manchester Baby: motives, methods, and messages from the past},
  author={Christopher P. Burton},
  journal={IEEE Annals of the History of Computing},
  • C. Burton
  • Published 1 July 2005
  • Engineering, Computer Science
  • IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
The University of Manchester's Small-Scale Experimental Machine (SSEM), known as the Baby, was rebuilt as a replica to celebrate, in June 1998, the 50th anniversary of the running of the world's first stored program. [...] Key Result The article concludes with some of the lessons learned from the project.Expand
The Teenage "Baby" on Show
It is now fifteen years since the replica of the Manchester University Small-Scale Experimental Machine was handed over to MOSI, the Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester, and some of the experience of the exposure of the object to the public is summarized. Expand
Was the Manchester baby conceived at Bletchley park
This paper is based on a talk given at the Turing 2004 conference held at the University of Manchester on the 5th June 2004. It is published by the British Computer Society onExpand
The contribution of M H A Newman and his mathematicians to the creation of the Manchester ‘Baby’
In this article I offer a challenge to the usual account of the development of the Manchester Baby. In doing so, I focus on the contribution made to the project by the topologist Max Newman and otherExpand
Forgotten Machines: The Need for a New Master Narrative
  • D. Swade
  • Computer Science
  • History of Computing
  • 2019
This paper describes two pre-electronic systems designed and built before the general-purpose stored programme digital computer became the universal default and the de facto explanandum for modern history. Expand
Experimental Archaeology of Computer Science
The technologies of the first computers are very far from us. While not much time passed, reconstructing and properly understanding how an old computer works is a hard task. Few blueprints andExpand
The history of the digital age of communications that began with the invention of the stored program computer in 1948 and is today realised by the World Wide Web, super fast broadband and the smart phone is reviewed. Expand
A Virtual Experience on the Very First Italian Computer
This article presents the virtual rebuilding of the first computer made in Italy: the Macchina Ridotta (MR) of the University of Pisa, and simulation proved to be the key tool to support the experimental approach adopted for understanding the MR technology, rebuilding it, and assessing its achievements. Expand
Using Old Computers for Teaching Computer Science
The paper reviews some of the results of the HMR project and presents how historical computers, either preserved at the Museum or rebuilt by HMR, are shown to the public to teach principles and mechanisms of computer science. Expand
Using Old Computers for Teaching Computer Science Making the History of Computing Relevant
The research on the history of computing often needs to adopt experimental archaeology methods: the rebuilding of old hardware and software requires to proceed by hypothesis and experimentation. ThisExpand
Enigma rebus: Prolegomena to an archaeology of algorithmic artefacts
Abstract The following article contains preliminary thoughts towards the definition of a necessary novel discipline, the archaeology of algorithmic artefacts. It strives to provide a definition ofExpand


The beginnings of the Manchester computer phenomenon: people and influences
  • M. Croarken
  • Engineering, Computer Science
  • IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
  • 1993
The development of computers at the University of Manchester in the late 1940s is discussed, and the development at Manchester of the first prototype stored-program computer, the Manchester baby, is discussed. Expand
The first computers: history and architectures
From the Publisher: This history of computing focuses not on chronology (what came first and who deserves credit for it) but on the actual architectures of the first machines that made electronicExpand
Early Programs on the Manchester Mark I Prototype
Given the very limited capabilities of the SSEM, the authors set out to discover how all three programs were actually coded, and found the largest factor of an integer. Expand
The Cogwheel Brain : Charles Babbage and the Quest to Build the First Computer
Part III of the The Cogwheel Brain describes the modern sequel that occasioned the writing of this book, and contains a lively account of Babbage’s struggles with his own thoughts, his struggles with the government, and his tragicomic relationship with Clement, his engineer. Expand
The Difference Engine: Charles Babbage and the Quest to Build the First Computer
From the Publisher: In 1821 an inventor and mathematician, Charles Babbage, was poring over a set of mathematical tables. Finding error after error Babbage exclaimed, "I wish to God theseExpand
ICL: A Business and Technical History
Hollerith and the origins, 1880-1907 The British Tabulating Machine Company, 1907-1919 Manufacturing at home, the 1920s Heyday of the punched-card machine industry, the 1930s An interlude: the secondExpand
Universal high-speed digital computers: a small-scale experimental machine
An experimental electronic computing machine has been constructed, using the serial binary-digital system of number representation, and will then be intrinsically capable of performing any computation automatically. Expand
The University of Manchester Universal High-Speed Digital Computing Machine
THE electronic computing machine described here has been developed in the Electrical Engineering Laboratories at the University of Manchester under the general direction of Prof. F. C. Williams, andExpand
Also see article by the same author in this issue on the Colossus rebuild
  • Also see article by the same author in this issue on the Colossus rebuild
  • 2000
The Manchester Mark 1 Computers The First
  • The Manchester Mark 1 Computers The First
  • 2000