Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in pharmacotherapy-refractory major depression: comparative study of fast, slow and sham rTMS.

@article{Padberg1999RepetitiveTM,
  title={Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in pharmacotherapy-refractory major depression: comparative study of fast, slow and sham rTMS.},
  author={Frank Padberg and Peter Zwanzger and Heike Thoma and Norbert Kathmann and Clemenz Haag and Benjamin D. Greenberg and Harald Hampel and Hans J{\"u}rgen M{\"o}ller},
  journal={Psychiatry research},
  year={1999},
  volume={88 3},
  pages={163-71}
}
In previous studies, fast repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) with a frequency > 1 Hz demonstrated substantial antidepressant effects compared to sham rTMS. However, it is not clear whether fast rTMS is superior to slow rTMS (frequency < or = 1 Hz) which is safe at therapeutically promising higher intensities. The aim of this double-blind… CONTINUE READING