Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation: hearing safety considerations.

  title={Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation: hearing safety considerations.},
  author={St{\'e}phane Tringali and Xavier Perrot and Lionel Collet and Annie Moulin},
  journal={Brain stimulation},
  volume={5 3},
BACKGROUND The guidelines for use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) advise frequent updating of rTMS safety guidelines and recommendations. Although rTMS can produce sound of more than 120 dB C, which is sufficient to induce hearing loss, the effect of rTMS noise on the hearing of both patients and rTMS practitioners is understudied. OBJECTIVE This study investigated the effects of rTMS noise on subjects' hearing using otoacoustic emissions evoked by clicks (transiently… CONTINUE READING