Repercusión del optimismo y de los Cinco Grandes factores de la personalidad sobre la salud de personas mayores

  title={Repercusi{\'o}n del optimismo y de los Cinco Grandes factores de la personalidad sobre la salud de personas mayores},
  author={J. J. G. Linares and M. C. Fuentes and Isabel Mercader Rubio and C. J. I. Saura},
  journal={Universitas Psychologica},
This work studies the influence of Dispositional Optimism and the “Big Five” personality factors on older peoples’ self-rated health and it examines optimists’ and pessimists’ analyses of their own health. The sample is made up of 498 older people (M = 63.3 years and SD = 8.55). The results reveal that optimists have a better perception of their health and lower levels of social dysfunction and depression. The Neuroticism factor affects to the Somatic Symptoms, Anxiety, Social Dysfunction, and… Expand
5 Citations
Estudio sobre inteligencia emocional, satisfacción vital y optimismo disposicional en un centro de día ocupacional de personas con discapacidad intelectual
The purpose of this study is to provide evidence about the relation between emotional intelligence, vital satisfaction and dispositional optimism in mentally disabled people that attend a daily andExpand
Insatisfacción con la imagen corporal y personalidad en estudiantes de bachillerato de la región Altos Sur de Jalisco, México
It is suggested that later studies include other characteristics that could explain the presence of Body Image dissatisfaction in adolescents and confirm the influence of the predictor variables identified. Expand
Affectivity as mediator of the relation between optimism and quality of life in men who have sex with men with HIV
The results showed that positive affect had no mediating effect, whereas negative affect mediated the relation of optimism with two quality-of-life dimensions (overall quality of life and environment). Expand
Explanatory Value of General Self-Efficacy, Empathy and Emotional Intelligence in Overall Self-Esteem of Healthcare Professionals
This study showed that Self-Efficacy, Empathy and Emotional Intelligence have a significant positive relationship with self-Esteem and have important practical implications for to promote the worker’s wellbeing and health. Expand
The Openness/Intellect Model on the M5-50: Supporting the Flexibility of IPIP-Based Instruments
This study examined ways to improve fit and interpretive capacity of the M5-50, an IPIP-based personality instrument, using the Openness/Intellect model (O/I) given a history of poor performance ofExpand


Optimismo/pesimismo disposicional y estrategias de afrontamiento del estrés
Relationship between dispositional optimism/pessimism and stress coping strategies. Recent studies confirm that dispositional pessimism is related with a worse state of physical health, in comparisonExpand
Affective Disposition, Thinking Styles, Neuroticism and Life Satisfaction
The way in which positive and negative affects are perceived may be associated with a distinct pattern of behaviors and attitudes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship betweenExpand
Dispositional optimism and the risk of depressive symptoms during 15 years of follow-up: the Zutphen Elderly Study.
Dispositional optimism protects against the development of depressive symptoms during 15 years of follow-up in elderly community-dwelling men. Expand
Optimism and Resources: Effects on Each Other and on Health over 10 Years.
  • S. Segerstrom
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of research in personality
  • 2007
Examining changes in dispositional optimism and resources over 10 years in former law students found it was less stable than many personality traits (r = .35), potentially because it is responsive to resource change. Expand
Dispositional optimism and physical well-being: the influence of generalized outcome expectancies on health.
The implications that dispositional optimism holds for physical well-being are explored and the relationships between this theoretical account of the effects of optimism and several other conceptual approaches are discussed. Expand
El nivel educativo como factor asociado al bienestar subjetivo y la salud mental en la población española
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the educational level with the perceived emotional well-being and the mental health of the Spanish population. In a total of 29,478Expand
Optimism, coping, and health: assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies.
  • M. Scheier, C. Carver
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
  • 1985
A scale measuring dispositional optimism, defined in terms of generalized outcome expectancies, was used in a longitudinal study of symptom reporting among a group of undergraduates and predicted that subjects who initially reported being highly optimistic were subsequently less likely to report being bothered by symptoms. Expand
Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): a reevaluation of the Life Orientation Test.
Examination of the scale on somewhat different grounds, however, does suggest that future applications can benefit from its revision, and a minor modification to the Life Orientation Test is described, along with data bearing on the revised scale's psychometric properties. Expand
Socioeconomic status in childhood and adulthood: associations with dispositional optimism and pessimism over a 21-year follow-up.
It is suggested that the foundation of dispositional optimism and pessimism is related to early SES of the family, and childhood family SES predicted overall LOT-R and pessimisms component scores, even after controlling statistically for the adulthood SES. Expand
Dispositional optimism: development over 21 years from the perspectives of perceived temperament and mothering
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of childhood perceived temperament and mother’s child-rearing attitudes on dispositional optimism–pessimism in adulthood. Participants ( NExpand