Repellents to deter New Zealand's North Island robin Petroica australis longipes from pest control baits

@article{Day2003RepellentsTD,
  title={Repellents to deter New Zealand's North Island robin Petroica australis longipes from pest control baits},
  author={Tim D. Day and Lindsay Matthews and J. R. Waas},
  journal={Biological Conservation},
  year={2003},
  volume={114},
  pages={309-316}
}
Efficacy of bird repellents at deterring North Island robins (Petroica australis longipes) and tomtits (P. macrocephala toitoi) from baits
TLDR
These trials have demonstrated the efficacy of repeatedly presented bird repellent formulations combining an illness- inducing agent, an unattractive colour and a distinctive flavour for protecting ground-feeding New Zealand forest birds from poisoning during mammalian pest control.
Effect of the addition of bird repellents to aerially applied 1080 baits on rat and possum abundance
TLDR
The results indicate that both repellent treatments could be used for possum control; however, the combined repellents did not control rats to <5% tracking index, a level considered sufficient to protect native animals from rat predation.
Repellents with potential to protect kea and other native birds from aerial poisoning for possum and rat control
TLDR
Cinnamamide, tannic acid, caffeine, garlic oil, ortho-aminoacetophenone, and thiram were evaluated in relation to their potential to repel native birds from eating cereal baits without affecting efficacy for possums and rats.
Observations of South Island Robins eating Racumin®, a toxic paste used for rodent control
TLDR
If bait sachets are unable to be secured, the use of this form of the toxin in areas where robins are present needs to be carefully considered or alternative toxins and matrices used.
Stability of bird repellents used to protect kea (Nestor notabilis) during aerial 1080 cereal operations
TLDR
The stability of d-pulegone was investigated and indications are that rat kills are adversely affected by its use in cereal baits, so future research on anthraquinone in cereal pellets should focus on possum control.
Bird-repellent effects on bait efficacy for control of invasive mammal pests.
TLDR
Bird repellent anthraquinone is not suitable for inclusion in bait for rat control at the concentrations tested, and also presents some risk to efficacy for possum control, while d-pulegone would be suitable in baitFor possums and rats, but problems related to its volatility in bait manufacture and storage would need to be overcome.
Palatability and efficacy to possums and rats of pest control baits containing bird repellents
TLDR
Two repellents combined, anthraquinone and DP as surface coatings on baits are acceptable to possums and possibly rats, at concentrations that deter some bird species.
Response of a reintroduced bird population to a rat reinvasion and eradication
TLDR
The results indicate the importance of developing permanent surveillance systems on island sanctuaries to detect and kill rats upon arrival in order to avoid the potentially high rates of non-target poisoning associated with post-invasion, large-scale eradication operations.
The palatability of undyed carrot surface-coated with repellents, or dyed blue or green to a terrestrial macroinvertebrate
TLDR
The results indicate that cinnamon oil can be used not only as a toxin mask but also as a repellent to wētā, showing the potential of surface-coating baits with anthraquinone and/or mint oil and dyeing them blue in pest control operations to reduce non-target avian by-kill, while not increasing the risk of secondary poisoning of insectivorous species.
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References

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TLDR
This study demonstrates that individual Robins are at risk from poisoning from exposed brodifacoum on the forest floor and therefore, probably from aerial application of brod IFACoum.
COSTS AND BENEFITS OF AERIAL 1080 POSSUM CONTROL OPERATIONS USING CARROT BAITS TO NORTH ISLAND ROBINS (PETROICA AUSTRALIS LONGIPES), PUREORA FOREST PARK
Large scale aerial poison operations with 1080-carrot baits are used extensively to control possum (Trichosurus vulpecula) populations in New Zealand forests for ecosystem conservation purposes and
THE RISKS, COSTS AND BENEFITS OF USING BRODIFACOUM TO ERADICATE RATS FROM KAPITI ISLAND, NEW ZEALAND
In 1996 an eradication operation against two species of rats (Rattus norvegicus and R. exulans was conducted on Kapiti Island (1965 ha) and its small offshore islands. Trials with non-toxic baits had
An assessment of the probability of secondary poisoning of forest insectivores following an aerial 1080 possum control operation.
TLDR
The results indicate small insectivores that feed on, or close to, the ground (e.g., tomtit Petroica macrocephala, robin P. australis, hedge sparrow Prunella modularis, and the short-tailed bat Mystacina tuberculata) may be vulnerable to secondary poisoning.
Anthraquinone Formulation (Flight Control trademark) Shows Promise as Avian Feeding Repellent
TLDR
It is concluded that FC was an effective foraging repellent for Canada geese in a 7-day pen experiment and for brown-headed cowbirds as a seed repellents in aviary experiments and shows promise as an avian feeding repellant.
Reducing bird repellent application rates by the addition of sensory stimuli
TLDR
Results show that post-repellent treatment with methiocarb suppressed rice consumption in male Red-winged Blackbirds, whether the repellent was alone or combined with a visual (red dye) and/or volatile (methylpyrazine) cue.
Plant Growth Regulator (Stronghold trademark) Enhances Repellency of Anthraquinone Formulation (Flight Control trademark) to Canada Geese
TLDR
STronghold greatly enhanced the repellency of FC to grazing Canada geese, and it is contended that the use of a plant growth regulator with FC will prove effective in reducing goose foraging at airports and other sites.
IMPLICATIONS OF PREFEEDING FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF BAIT AVERSIONS IN BRUSHTAIL POSSUMS (TRICHOSURUS VULPECULA)
TLDR
P pest managers can reduce the risk of ‘bait shyness’ by prefeeding, a common management procedure, that if poison shyness develops, use of an alternative toxin such as brodifacoum in the original bait base may still be successful.
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