Repeating Words in Spontaneous Speech

@article{Clark1998RepeatingWI,
  title={Repeating Words in Spontaneous Speech},
  author={Herbert H. Clark and Thomas Wasow},
  journal={Cognitive Psychology},
  year={1998},
  volume={37},
  pages={201-242}
}
Speakers often repeat the first word of major constituents, as in, "I uh I wouldn't be surprised at that." Repeats like this divide into four stages: an initial commitment to the constituent (with "I"); the suspension of speech; a hiatus in speaking (filled with "uh"); and a restart of the constituent ("I wouldn't."). An analysis of all repeated articles and pronouns in two large corpora of spontaneous speech shows that the four stages reflect different principles. Speakers are more likely to… 
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