Repeated polyploidization of Gossypium genomes and the evolution of spinnable cotton fibres

@article{Paterson2012RepeatedPO,
  title={Repeated polyploidization of Gossypium genomes and the evolution of spinnable cotton fibres},
  author={A. Paterson and J. Wendel and H. Gundlach and Hui Guo and J. Jenkins and Dianchuan Jin and D. Llewellyn and K. Showmaker and S. Shu and J. Udall and M. Yoo and R. Byers and W. Chen and A. Doron-Faigenboim and M. Duke and L. Gong and J. Grimwood and C. Grover and K. Grupp and Guanjing Hu and T. Lee and Jingping Li and Lifeng Lin and Tao Liu and Barry S. Marler and J. Page and A. Roberts and E. Romanel and W. Sanders and E. Szadkowski and Xu Tan and Haibao Tang and Chunming Xu and Jinpeng Wang and Zining Wang and Dong Zhang and Lan Zhang and H. Ashrafi and F. Bedon and J. Bowers and C. Brubaker and P. Chee and Sayan Das and A. Gingle and C. Haigler and D. Harker and L. Hoffmann and R. Hovav and Donald C. Jones and C. Lemke and S. Mansoor and Mehboob-Ur- Rahman and Lisa N. Rainville and Aditi Rambani and U. Reddy and Junkang Rong and Y. Saranga and B. Scheffler and J. Scheffler and D. Stelly and B. Triplett and A. Deynze and M. Vaslin and V. N. Waghmare and Sally-Ann Walford and R. Wright and E. Zaki and T. Zhang and E. Dennis and K. Mayer and D. Peterson and D. Rokhsar and Xiyin Wang and J. Schmutz},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2012},
  volume={492},
  pages={423-427}
}
Polyploidy often confers emergent properties, such as the higher fibre productivity and quality of tetraploid cottons than diploid cottons bred for the same environments. Here we show that an abrupt five- to sixfold ploidy increase approximately 60 million years (Myr) ago, and allopolyploidy reuniting divergent Gossypium genomes approximately 1–2 Myr ago, conferred about 30–36-fold duplication of ancestral angiosperm (flowering plant) genes in elite cottons (Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium… Expand

Paper Mentions

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Entire nucleotide sequences of Gossypium raimondii and G. arboreum mitochondrial genomes revealed A-genome species as cytoplasmic donor of the allotetraploid species.
TLDR
The presence/absence variations and gene-based phylogeny supported that A-genome is a cytoplasmic donor to the progenitor of allotetraploid species G. hirsutum and G.barbadense, the economically important fibre-producing cotton species. Expand
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TLDR
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Insights into the Evolution of the New World Diploid Cottons (Gossypium, Subgenus Houzingenia) Based on Genome Sequencing
TLDR
It is suggested that this genome down-sizing bias counteracts genome size growth by TE amplification and insertions, and helps explain the relatively small genomes that are restricted to this subgenus. Expand
Comparative transmission genetics of introgressed chromatin in Gossypium (cotton) polyploids.
TLDR
Computational transmission of introgressed chromatin transmission is polymorphic among two elite G. hirsutum genotypes, which suggests that genetic background may profoundly affect introgression of particular chromosomal regions. Expand
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