Repeated evolution in overlapping mimicry rings among North American velvet ants.

@article{Wilson2012RepeatedEI,
  title={Repeated evolution in overlapping mimicry rings among North American velvet ants.},
  author={Joseph S. Wilson and K A Williams and Matthew L. Forister and Carol D von Dohlen and James P. Pitts},
  journal={Nature communications},
  year={2012},
  volume={3},
  pages={
          1272
        }
}
Müllerian mimicry, in which two or more harmful species share a similar appearance for mutual benefit, is a widely appreciated, yet relatively uncommon natural phenomenon. Although Müllerian mimicry occurs in vertebrates, most studies are focused on tropical, herbivorous invertebrates. Here we identify a large Müllerian mimicry complex in North American velvet ants (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae). These are conspicuous, diurnal parasitoids of bees and wasps that defend themselves with a powerful… Expand
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