Repairing holes in the head: a history of cranioplasty.

@article{Sanan1997RepairingHI,
  title={Repairing holes in the head: a history of cranioplasty.},
  author={Akshay Sanan and Stephen J. Haines},
  journal={Neurosurgery},
  year={1997},
  volume={40 3},
  pages={
          588-603
        }
}
Cranioplasty is almost as ancient as trephination, yet its fascinating history has been neglected. There is strong evidence that Incan surgeons were performing cranioplasty using precious metals and gourds. Interestingly, early surgical authors, such as Hippocrates and Galen, do not discuss cranioplasty and it was not until the 16th century that cranioplasty in the form of a gold plate was mentioned by Fallopius. The first bone graft was recorded by Meekeren, who in 1668 noted that canine bone… CONTINUE READING

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