Renovating the Pyramid of Needs

  title={Renovating the Pyramid of Needs},
  author={Douglas T. Kenrick and Vladas Griskevicius and Steven L. Neuberg and Mark Schaller},
  journal={Perspectives on Psychological Science},
  pages={292 - 314}
Maslow’s pyramid of human needs, proposed in 1943, has been one of the most cognitively contagious ideas in the behavioral sciences. Anticipating later evolutionary views of human motivation and cognition, Maslow viewed human motives as based in innate and universal predispositions. We revisit the idea of a motivational hierarchy in light of theoretical developments at the interface of evolutionary biology, anthropology, and psychology. After considering motives at three different levels of… 

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