Renovating the Pyramid of Needs

@article{Kenrick2010RenovatingTP,
  title={Renovating the Pyramid of Needs},
  author={Douglas T. Kenrick and Vladas Griskevicius and Steven L. Neuberg and Mark Schaller},
  journal={Perspectives on Psychological Science},
  year={2010},
  volume={5},
  pages={292 - 314}
}
Maslow’s pyramid of human needs, proposed in 1943, has been one of the most cognitively contagious ideas in the behavioral sciences. Anticipating later evolutionary views of human motivation and cognition, Maslow viewed human motives as based in innate and universal predispositions. We revisit the idea of a motivational hierarchy in light of theoretical developments at the interface of evolutionary biology, anthropology, and psychology. After considering motives at three different levels of… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Psychometric Analysis of a Postulated Set of Evolved Human Motives
TLDR
Factor analysis on a web-based sample of 500 respondents from the UK confirmed the existence of 14 out of 15 postulated motives using factor analysis, and can form the foundation of a scale for use in applied psychological work ranging from personality testing to personnel selection to public health program design.
Toward a comprehensive taxonomy of human motives
TLDR
An empirically and theoretically structured hierarchical taxonomy of 161 motives gleaned from a literature review from McDougall to the present and based on the cluster analysis of similarity judgments among these 161 motives, a broader sampling of motives than previous work is presented.
Further Expansions of the Present Stage Models
This chapter explains more the socioaffective correspondences to the cognitive ones in the present 25-step model of development. It especially describes how a Neo-Eriksonian developmental sequence
A Theoretical Overview
THE history of the development of viewpoints on assimilation is one of a progressive clarification of processes wherein the polemical tone of the earlier "theories" is increasingly replaced by an
Psychological origins of the Industrial Revolution: More work is needed!
  • N. Baumard
  • Psychology
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 2019
TLDR
This response to commentaries on the psychological origins of the Industrial Revolution argues that better data about standards of living, psychological preferences, and innovation rates are needed and better models are needed to understand the role of resources in driving cultural evolution.
Self-Actualization, Human Nature, and Global Social Problems
Abraham Maslow’s classic theory of motivation was in some ways a precursor to modern evolutionary approaches to human behavior, in that he posited multiple independent and universal motivational
Toward a general theory of motivation: Problems, challenges, opportunities, and the big picture
Motivation theories have tended to focus on specific motivations, leaving open the intellectually and scientifically challenging problem of how to construct a general theory of motivation. The
Evolved Social Motives
Existential neuroscience: a proximate explanation of religion as flexible meaning and palliative
The cognitive science of religion has made great strides in the past decade (e.g., Boyer, 2008), with more and better research from many disciplines asking basic questions about why religions exist,
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 213 REFERENCES
FOUNDATIONS OF EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY
JOHN TOOBY AND Leda Cosmides have been true pioneers in developing the conceptual foundations of evolutionary psychology, so it is fitting that they supply the first foundational chapter. They
The Adapted mind : evolutionary psychology and the generation of culture
Although researchers have long been aware that the species-typical architecture of the human mind is the product of our evolutionary history, it has only been in the last three decades that advances
Cognitive adaptations for social exchange.
TLDR
It is argued that humans have a faculty of social cognition, consisting of a rich collection of dedicated, functionally specialized, interrelated modules organized to collectively guide thought and behavior with respect to the evolutionarily recurrent adaptive problems posed by the social world.
Evolution and relationships: A call for integration.
In this introduction to the special issue on evolutionary approaches to relationships, we first review some of the major theories and milestones that have shaped and informed modern evolutionary
Morality: An Evolutionary Account
  • D. Krebs
  • Psychology
    Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2008
Refinements in Darwin's theory of the origin of a moral sense create a framework equipped to organize and integrate contemporary theory and research on morality. Morality originated in deferential,
The Development of Altruism: Toward an Integrative Model
Abstract In this paper we introduce and evaluate an integrative model of the development of altruism based on six propositions: (a) social cognition develops in a stage-like, additive-inclusive
The Symbolic Self in Evolutionary Context
  • C. Sedikides, J. Skowronski
  • Psychology
    Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
  • 1997
TLDR
It is suggested that these two environmental pressures caused the symbolic self to emerge in the Pleistocene epoch as an adaptation for Homo erectus, and the possible functions served by such an adaptation are reviewed.
Modularity in cognition: framing the debate.
TLDR
It is proposed that modularity, cleanly defined, provides a useful framework for directing research and resolving debates about individual cognitive systems and the nature of human evolved cognition.
The evolution of prestige: freely conferred deference as a mechanism for enhancing the benefits of cultural transmission.
  • J. Henrich, F. Gil-White
  • Psychology
    Evolution and human behavior : official journal of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society
  • 2001
Religion's evolutionary landscape: Counterintuition, commitment, compassion, communion
TLDR
Folkpsychology and agency provide the hope and promise of open-ended solutions through representations of counterfactual supernatural worlds that cannot be logically or empirically verified or falsified, because religious beliefs cannot be deductively or inductively validated.
...
...