Renal vein thrombosis, nephrotic syndrome, and systemic lupus erythematosus: an association in four cases.


We report here four cases of systemic lupus erythematosus associated with the nephrotic syndrome and renal vein thrombosis and review six familiar cases previously noted in the literature. Renal biopsy in each of our cases showed changes consistent with the membranous type of lupus nephropathy. We discuss the exclusive appearance of this pattern in relation… (More)


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