A 50-year-old female, who had been on maintenance hemodialysis for 22 years, consulted our clinic because of a left renal mass detected incidentally by ultrasonography. Computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a solid hypervascular mass, suggesting a renal cell carcinoma (RCC), in the left atrophic kidney. Left hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy (HALN) was… (More)
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