Renal cell carcinoma invading the urinary collecting system: implications for staging.

@article{Uzzo2002RenalCC,
  title={Renal cell carcinoma invading the urinary collecting system: implications for staging.},
  author={Robert G. Uzzo and Edward E. Cherullo and Jonathan Myles and Andrew C. Novick},
  journal={The Journal of urology},
  year={2002},
  volume={167 6},
  pages={2392-6}
}
PURPOSE Current TNM staging of renal cell carcinoma is based on the tumor propensity for local extension (T), nodal involvement (N) and metastatic spread (M). Locally advanced renal cell carcinoma may involve the perirenal fat, adrenal glands, renal vein, vena cava and/or urinary collecting system. The existing TNM classification does not reflect the ability of renal cell carcinoma to invade the urothelium. We evaluated the incidence and characteristics as well as overall and cancer specific… CONTINUE READING

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