Renal Cystic Diseases: A REVIEW

@article{Bisceglia2006RenalCD,
  title={Renal Cystic Diseases: A REVIEW},
  author={Michele Bisceglia and Carlos A. Galliani and Christof Senger and Carmine Stallone and Adalberto Sessa},
  journal={Advances in Anatomic Pathology},
  year={2006},
  volume={13},
  pages={26-56}
}
This review aims to assist in the categorization of inherited, developmental, and acquired cystic disease of the kidney as well as to provide a pertinent, up-to-date bibliography. The conditions included are autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease, autosomal-recessive polycystic kidney disease, unilateral renal cystic disease (localized cystic disease), renal simple cysts, multicystic dysplastic kidney, pluricystic kidney of the multiple malformation syndromes, juvenile nephronophthisis… 
Adult Renal Cystic Disease: A Comprehensive Literature Review
TLDR
The various types of renal cystic diseases and the main diagnostic approaches are discussed, while ultrasound and slice imaging are the main tools for the diagnosis of simple renal cysts, Bosniak classification was selected as the basic method for the diagnoses of renal Cystic masses larger than 1 cm.
Adult renal cystic disease: a genetic, biological, and developmental primer.
TLDR
Cross-sectional imaging provides useful information for diagnosis, surveillance, prognostication, and evaluation of treatment response in renal cystic diseases.
CT and MR imaging for evaluation of cystic renal lesions and diseases.
TLDR
A thorough understanding of the spectrum of cystic renal disease will allow the radiologist to make a more specific diagnosis and provide the clinician with optimal recommendations for further diagnostic testing and follow-up imaging.
Localized Cystic Disease of the Kidney: Distinction From Cystic Neoplasms and Hereditary Polycystic Diseases
TLDR
The clinicopathologic characteristics of 9 cases that mimicked renal neoplasms and were treated surgically and a diagnostic algorithm for working up the renal cystic lesions are presented to raise awareness among surgical pathologists of this rare cystic lesion to avoid potential misdiagnosis.
Clinical Scenarios in Chronic Kidney Disease: Cystic Renal Diseases.
TLDR
Cysts are frequently found in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and they have a different prognostic significance depending on the clinical context, which may be secondary to progressive structural end-stage kidney remodelling and may be associated with renal cell carcinoma.
Disparate Presentations of Localized Cystic Disease of Kidney: A Review with an Objective of Correct Approach for Accurate Treatment Plan
TLDR
Localized cystic disease of the kidney is a unilateral, rare and stable disease that has two different forms of presentations and its imaging findings should be clearly understood so as to not classify it as a separate disease and avoid unnecessary surgery.
Prolonged treatment of chronic renal insufficiency, acquired cystic kidney disease, simultaneous precancerous lesions and multiple tumors of left kidney.
TLDR
This case illustrates the association of chronic renal insufficiency, uremic oxalosis, long-term hemodialysis, acquired cystic kidney disease and development of variable precursor intratubular and intracystic lesions progressing to several papillary adenomas and multifocal renal cell carcinomas with variegated microscopic structures in one kidney.
Imaging in Renal Agenesis, Dysplasia, Hypoplasia, and Cystic Diseases of the Kidney
TLDR
The knowledge of the individual etiology and development helps to understand the disease process, affects further diagnostic and therapeutic management, and helps to properly estimate prognosis of these patients and their families, respectively.
Renal relevant radiology: radiologic imaging in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease.
TLDR
Evidence is provided for the value of total kidney volume to predict disease progression in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and the indications, comparative use, and limitation of various imaging modalities for the diagnosis and management of complications.
Renal cystic diseases in children: new concepts
This review highlights the changes that have occurred in the general approach to cystic renal diseases in children. For instance, genetic mutations at the level of the primary cilia are considered as
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References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 259 REFERENCES
Renal cystic diseases
TLDR
Radiological findings should be carefully correlated with clinical features such as patient age, family history, symptoms, physical findings, and renal functional status before a diagnosis is attempted.
Renal Cystic Neoplasms and Renal Neoplasms Associated With Cystic Renal Diseases: Pathogenetic and Molecular Links
TLDR
The differential diagnoses among cystic neoplasm and the underlying genetic and molecular mechanisms for the relationship between cystic renal diseases and renal neoplasms are reviewed.
Localized cystic disease of the kidney.
TLDR
Familiarity with localized cystic disease of the kidney and its imaging findings is important to avoid unnecessary surgery and to differentiate the disease from autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease.
Morphometric studies of cystic and tubulointerstitial kidney diseases with hepatic fibrosis in children.
TLDR
Morphometric data support clinical impressions that the category nephronophthisis-congenital hepatic fibrosis includes more than one disease entity.
Extensively cystic renal neoplasms: cystic nephroma, cystic partially differentiated nephroblastoma, multilocular cystic renal cell carcinoma, and cystic hamartoma of renal pelvis.
TLDR
It is concluded that tumors in young children that have been classified as cystic nephroma and cystic partially differentiated nephroblastoma likely represent a single entity, and all should be considered highly cystic Wilms' tumors with little or no capacity for invasion or metastasis.
Familial adult glomerulocystic kidney disease.
Unilateral Renal Cystic Disease: CT Findings
TLDR
The clinical and radiologic findings in two patients with URCD are described and how the disorder usually can be distinguished from other renal cystic diseases using CT is discussed.
Renal cystic disease in tuberous sclerosis: role of the polycystic kidney disease 1 gene.
TLDR
Major genes for tuberous sclerosis and autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, TSC2 and PKD1, respectively, lie adjacent to each other at chromosome 16p13.3, suggesting a role for PKD 1 in the etiology of renal cystic disease in tuberousclerosis.
Unilateral renal cystic disease.
TLDR
A case of URCD with six-year CT follow-up is reported and absence of an encapsulated mass and intervening normal renal parenchyma between the cysts can differentiate URCd from cystic renal tumors.
Glomerulocystic kidney disease — nosological considerations
TLDR
Glomerulocystic kidneys can be categorized into three major groups: glomeruocystic kidney disease, comprising nonsyndromal heritable and sporadic forms of severely cystic kidneys in children and adults, heritable malformation syndromes, and glomerular cysts in dysplastic kidneys.
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