Removing bee stings

@article{Visscher1996RemovingBS,
  title={Removing bee stings},
  author={P. Kirk Visscher and Richard S. Vetter and Scott Camazine},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={1996},
  volume={348},
  pages={301-302}
}

Methods of Honey Bee Stinger Removal: A Systematic Review of the Literature

Based on the available evidence, a retained honey bee stinger should be removed as quickly as possible, and there appears to be no disadvantage in doing it by pinching and pulling.

Mass envenomations by honey bees and wasps.

Despite different venom composition in the two insect groups, both may cause systemic damage and involve hemolysis, rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure and victim death may occur due to renal failure or cardiac complications.

Honey bee sting pain index by body location

This study rated the painfulness of honey bee stings over 25 body locations in one subject, and found the three most painful locations were the nostril, upper lip, and penis shaft.

Multiple bee stings

This review examines the incidence of multiple bee stings, a comparison of European and Africanised honeybees, and the structural function of a bee sting, as well as aspects of immunotherapy.

RRH: envenoming syndrome due to 200 stings from Africanized honeybees.

Having fewer stings does not exempt a patient from experiencing an unfavorable outcome, particularly in children, elderly people or underweight people, because of the small volume of distribution.

Two Cases of Oropharyngeal Edema Caused by a Bee Sting

Two cases of patients complaining pain due to edematou s swelling in the arytenoid cartilage area caused by hymenoptera stings after accidentally drinking water with a bee in it are reported.

Barbs Facilitate the Helical Penetration of Honeybee (Apis mellifera ligustica) Stingers

It is suggested that the honeybee stinger undergoes helical and clockwise rotation during penetration, and the helical penetration of the stinger is associated directly with the spiral distribution of the barbs, thereby confirming that stinger penetration involves an advanced microstructure rather than a simple needle-like apparatus.

Stinging insect allergy: current perspectives on venom immunotherapy

Health economic analysis showed that VIT is generally not cost effective for preventing future SRs; most people are stung infrequently, most SRs resolve without long-term consequences, and a fatal outcome is extremely rare.

The sting of the honeybee: an allergic perspective.

  • T. BrownM. Tankersley
  • Medicine
    Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology : official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology
  • 2011
...

References

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Sting morphology and frequency of sting autotomy among medically important vespids (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) and the honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae).

Examination by electron microscopy of the sting apparatuses of several vespid species and that of Apis mellifera L., the honey bee, revealed previously unreported structural variations between apid and v espid aculei which likely contribute to differences in sting autotomy rates observed between the Honey bee and the social wasps.

Physician's Guide to Arthropods of Medical Importance

This book discusses the pathological conditions Caused by Arthropods, and the principles of treatment of Arthropod Bites, Stings, etc and the Pros and Cons of Repellents.

Bee Venom Hypersensitivity Update

The following article, by Dr Harry Riches, former member of IBRA Council, elaborates on the lecture given at the Devon Beekeepers' Association/IBRA meeting at Seale-Hayne Agricultural College last

Pheromones of social bees

Communication of queen's presence. Inhibitory effect of queens on queen rearing. Control of worker ovary development. Laying workers. Stimulatory effect of queen pheromone. Brood pheromone: