Remote sensing techniques to assess active fire characteristics and post-fire effects

  title={Remote sensing techniques to assess active fire characteristics and post-fire effects},
  author={Leigh B. Lentile and Zachary A. Holden and Alistair Matthew Stuart Smith and Michael J. Falkowski and Andrew Thomas Hudak and Penelope. Morgan and Sarah A. Lewis and Paul E. Gessler and Nate Benson},
  journal={International Journal of Wildland Fire},
Space and airborne sensors have been used to map area burned, assess characteristics of active fires, and characterize post-fire ecological effects. Confusion about fire intensity, fire severity, burn severity, and related terms can result in the potential misuse of the inferred information by land managers and remote sensing practitioners who require unambiguous remote sensing products for fire management. The objective of the present paper is to provide a comprehensive review of current and… 

Remote Sensing and Unmanned Aerial System Technology for Monitoring and Quantifying Forest Fire Impacts

Fire is a regular occurrence throughout the world’s forested landscapes and affects millions of hectares annually. A variety of remote sensing applications have been developed to quantify wildfire

Challenges of assessing fire and burn severity using field measures, remote sensing and modelling

Comprehensive assessment of ecological change after fires have burned forests and rangelands is important if we are to understand, predict and measure fire effects. We highlight the challenges in

Thermal Remote Sensing of Active Vegetation Fires and Biomass Burning Events

Thermal remote sensing is widely used in the detection, study, and management of biomass burning occurring in open vegetation fires. Such fires may be planned for land management purposes, may occur

Application of remote sensing data for forest fires severity assessment

Forest fires continue to burn large territories, both within and outside Europe. It is suitably to assess fire-induced changes in the vegetation, which in turn affects infiltration, runoff, and

Remote Sensing Techniques in Monitoring Post-Fire Effects and Patterns of Forest Recovery in Boreal Forest Regions: A Review

The review reveals that remote sensing-based monitoring of post-fire effects and forest recovery patterns in boreal forest regions is not only limited by the gaps in both field data and remotely sensed data, but also the complexity of far-northern fire regimes, climatic conditions and environmental conditions.

Is burn severity related to fire intensity? Observations from landscape scale remote sensing

Biomass burning by wildland fires has significant ecological, social and economic impacts. Satellite remote sensing provides direct measurements of radiative energy released by the fire (i.e. fire

Fire severity estimation from space: a comparison of active and passive sensors and their synergy for different forest types

Monitoring fire effects at landscape level is viable from remote sensing platforms providing repeatable and consistent measurements. Previous studies have estimated fire severity using optical and

Comparison of contrasting optical and LiDAR fire severity remote sensing methods in a heterogeneous forested landscape in south-eastern Australia

ABSTRACT Spectral indices derived from satellite optical remote sensing data have typically been used for fire severity estimation, although other remote sensing systems such as Light Detection and



Satellite remote-sensing technologies used in forest fire management

Satellite remote sensing has become a primary data source for fire danger rating prediction, fuel and fire mapping, fire monitoring, and fire ecology research. This paper summarizes the research

Remote classification of head and backfire types from MODIS fire radiative power and smoke plume observations

The classification of savanna fires into headfire and backfire types can in theory help in assessing pollutant emissions to the atmosphere via relative apportionment of the amounts of smouldering and

Remote sensing of fire severity: assessing the performance of the normalized burn ratio

The results do not provide evidence that the performance of the NBR is optimal in describing fire severity shortly after fire occurrence, and suggest that the next generation of methods to estimate fire severity remotely should incorporate knowledge of how fires of different severity displace the position of prefire vegetation in multispectral space.

Remote Sensing of Biomass Burning in Tropical Regions: Sampling Issues and Multisensor Approach

Remote sensing of burned areas in tropical savannas

Problematic aspects of fire in tropical savannas are reviewed, from the standpoint of their impact on the detection and mapping of burned areas using remotely sensed data. Those aspects include: the

Prototyping a global algorithm for systematic fire-affected area mapping using MODIS time series data

The remote sensing of Earth surface changes is an active research field aimed at the development of methods and data products needed by scientists, resource managers, and policymakers. Fire is a

Influence of fire severity on plant regeneration by means of remote sensing imagery

In this paper we analyse the interactions between fire severity (plant damage) and plant regeneration after fire by means of remote sensing imagery and a field fire severity map. A severity map was

Remote Sensing of Forest Fire Severity and Vegetation Recovery

Burned forested areas have patterns of varying burn severity as a consequence of various topographic, vegetation, and meteorological factors. These patterns are detected and mapped using satellite

Fire from space : global fire evaluation using infrared remote sensing

Abstract Mid-infrared (IR) orbiting platforms are attractive candidates for monitoring fire on a global basis, as needed for global biogeochemical studies. In the mid IR, fires radiate intensely