Remote sensing of violent conflict: eyes from above

  title={Remote sensing of violent conflict: eyes from above},
  author={Frank D. W. Witmer},
  journal={International Journal of Remote Sensing},
  pages={2326 - 2352}
  • F. Witmer
  • Published 1 May 2015
  • Environmental Science, Mathematics
  • International Journal of Remote Sensing
The use of remote-sensing technology to study violent conflict has increased considerably over the last 5–10 years. This article surveys this growing field to show which conflict-related impacts are and are not currently possible to detect from afar. A brief overview of the principles of remote-sensing technology and sensor characteristics is provided, followed by a review and discussion of the literature, organized by temporal delay in the visible manifestation of the conflict impact from… 
Environmental Armed Conflict Assessment Using Satellite Imagery
Abstract Armed conflicts not only affect human populations but can also cause considerable damage to the environment. Its consequences are as diverse as its causes, including; water pollution from
Detecting dwelling destruction in Darfur through object-based change analysis of very high-resolution imagery
Object-based change analysis for the automatic and selective detection of destructed dwellings in bi-temporal images is explored in test areas in Darfur and shows that the automatic calculation of local reference values and thresholds for the change detection can increase robustness when the proposed method is applied on study areas with different image properties.
Remote Sensing for International Peace and Security: Its Role and Implications
This review demonstrated how this technology assemblage enacts multiple versions of peace and security: for refugee relief operations, in armed conflicts monitoring, tracking acts of genocide, providing evidence in courts of law, and assessing contravention in human rights.
Suggestions on the Selection of Satellite Imagery for Future Remote Sensing-Based Humanitarian Applications
It is suggested that data fusion of SPOT5 and Sentinel-2 may be helpful in LCLU change detection caused by refugees/IDPs or conflicts and general characteristics of commonly available optical satellite imagery are presented.
Monitoring war‐generated environmental security using remote sensing: A review
The negative impact humans have on the environment directly affects the environmental security. Over the years, it has been proven that wars make drastic and sometimes unrecoverable environmental
World Heritage in danger: Big data and remote sensing can help protect sites in conflict zones
Humanitarian applications of machine learning with remote-sensing data: review and case study in refugee settlement mapping
It is considered that using machine learning systems as an augmentation of human analysts is a reasonable strategy to transition from current fully manual operational pipelines to ones which are both more efficient and have the necessary levels of quality control.
Satellite Analysis of the Environmental Impacts of Armed-Conflict in Rakhine, Myanmar
  • T. Aung
  • Environmental Science
    Science of The Total Environment
  • 2020
The impacts of armed conflict on the environment are extremely complex and difficult to investigate, given the impossibility of accessing the affected area and reliable data limitation.
Estimating the effect of conflict on agricultural activity in the Central African Republic with remotely sensed data
Ongoing armed conflict poses major challenges to the economic recovery and development of the Central African Republic. Although the conflict occurs in agricultural areas, little evidence exists on


Relating violence to MODIS fire detections in Darfur, Sudan
The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Thermal Anomalies and Fire Detection data product can provide an input into early warning and rapid response efforts of interest to human
Commercial Remote Sensing Satellites and the Regulation of Violence in Areas of Limited Statehood
The number and sophistication of commercial remote sensing satellites has grown steadily since 2000 when the first high resolution satellite went into service. The nature and trajectory of the growth
Images of war: using satellite images for human rights monitoring in Turkish Kurdistan.
It is concluded that satellite images are useful to validate witness reports of forest fires and key for analysis of spatial aspects of conflict and valuable for reconstructing a more trustworthy picture.
Remote Sensing Based Detection of Minefields
Abstract In this article the use of remote sensing techniques to locate minefields over a number of selected areas in Zimbabwe is discussed, representing different types of landmine deployment,
Detecting the Effects of Wars in the Caucasus Regions of Russia and Georgia Using Radiometrically Normalized DMSP-OLS Nighttime Lights Imagery
Satellite data can provide a remote view of developments in often dangerous conflict zones. Nighttime lights imagery from the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) Operational Linescan
Feature extraction for Darfur: geospatial applications in the documentation of human rights abuses
A novel application of geospatial technologies and image-processing techniques aimed at expediting the dissemination of critical information necessary to inform the public and policy makers of detailed multi-temporal analyses of evidence of human rights abuses in Darfur, Sudan is presented.
Detecting war‐induced abandoned agricultural land in northeast Bosnia using multispectral, multitemporal Landsat TM imagery
  • F. Witmer
  • Environmental Science, Mathematics
  • 2008
The use of satellite technology by military planners has a relatively long history as a tool of warfare, but little research has used satellite technology to study the effects of war. This research