Remodeling of the infarct territory in the time course of infarct healing in humans

Abstract

To analyze the remodeling processes of the infarct territory in the time course of infarct healing. Serial late enhancement (LE) studies were performed in 30 patients following reperfused myocardial infarction (MI) in the first and second week post-MI and after 3 months. To characterize infarct remodeling over time, the following variables were derived and analyzed in a blinded fashion: Infarct size (IS, in mm3), maximum infarct thickness (ITmax, mm), mean infarct thickness (ITmean, mm) and the variability of infarct thickness (VIT=ITmax/ITmean). Further, a new parameter for the assessment of infarct remodeling, the infarct extent (IE, mm2) was computed. IE quantifies IS in two dimensions along the heart’s circumferential and longitudinal directions. IS was divided by the IE to obtain ITmean. Overall infarct thickness was highly variable. Infarct shrinkage due to infarct thinning and IE reduction was found in the first months of healing. IS, ITmean and ITmax significantly decreased during follow-up. There was a less consistent change of the IE: IE decreased in 75% of all infarcts from the first week up to 3 months post-MI, whereas 25% of infarcts expanded. Infarct thinning was found in almost all patients (92%), hence occurring in patients with infarct expansion and in patients without infarct expansion. Infarct thinning and—to a lesser extent—IE reduction, contribute to infarct shrinkage in the time course of infarct healing. Infarct thinning may occur without infarct expansion.

DOI: 10.1007/s10334-011-0262-y

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@article{Hillenbrand2011RemodelingOT, title={Remodeling of the infarct territory in the time course of infarct healing in humans}, author={Hanns B. Hillenbrand and Joern J. W. Sandstede and Stefan St{\"{o}rk and Benjamin Ramsayer and D. Hahn and Georg Ertl and Herbert Koestler and Wolfgang R. Bauer and Christian Oliver Ritter}, journal={Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine}, year={2011}, volume={24}, pages={277-284} }