Remodeling hexose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase: mechanism-inspired mutation into a new enzyme, UDP-hexose synthase.


Hexose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase catalyzes the interconversion of UDP-galactose and glucose-1-P with UDP-glucose and galactose-1-P by a double-displacement mechanism through a covalent intermediate (E-UMP), in which UMP is bonded to one of two histidine residues at the active site, H164 or H166. To identify which histidine is the nucleophilic catalyst… (More)