Remembering past emotions: The role of current appraisals

  title={Remembering past emotions: The role of current appraisals},
  author={Linda J. Levine and Vincent Prohaska and Stewart L. Burgess and John A. Rice and Tracy M. Laulhere},
  journal={Cognition and Emotion},
  pages={393 - 417}
This research assessed the stability of memory for emotions over time, and the relationship between current appraisals and memory for emotions. A week after the televised announcement of the verdict in the criminal trial of Mr Orenthal James (O.J.) Simpson, participants were asked to describe their emotional reactions and their appraisals when they first learned of the verdict. After a delay of two months, and again after more than a year, participants recalled their initial emotional reactions… 
Functions of remembering and misremembering emotion
SUMMARY Memory for the emotions evoked by past events guides people’s ongoing behaviour and future plans. Evidence indicates that emotions are represented in at least two forms in memory with
Remembering the silver lining: Reappraisal and positive bias in memory for emotion
The association between reported reappraisal and memory bias was partially mediated by positive changes over time in students’ appraisals of the exam preparation experience, and reports of engaging in distraction and suppression were not associated with memory bias.
Changing Current Appraisals of Mothers Leads to Changes in Childhood Memories of Love Toward Mothers
False memories in therapy have previously been identified as problematic, but memory-of-emotion distortions have been underdiscussed in this context. Past research has suggested that cognitive
Forgetting feelings: Opposite biases in reports of the intensity of past emotion and mood.
Two opposing biases in the magnitude and direction of bias depend on the type of feeling being recalled: emotion or mood: emotion and mood.
Emotional impact feedback changes how we remember negative autobiographical experiences.
It is suggested that external feedback might be a potential mechanism in the relationship between negative memories and psychological well-being, when participants are told that their negative event is extremely negative, their memories should be more vivid, recollected strongly, and remembered from a personal perspective, compared to participants in the other conditions.
Emotion and Memory Research: A Grumpy Overview
A great deal of research on emotion and memory has focused on the question of whether emotion enhances memory. Based on this research, investigators have variously claimed that emotional memories are
Painting with broad strokes: Happiness and the malleability of event memory
Individuals often feel that they remember positive events better than negative ones, but do they? To investigate the relation between emotional valence and the malleability of memory for real‐world
Predicted and remembered emotion: tomorrow’s vividness trumps yesterday’s accuracy
Findings reveal asymmetries in the phenomenological experience of predicting and remembering emotion and the vividness of predicted emotion serves as a powerful subjective signal of accuracy even when predictions turn out to be wrong.
Resilience and positive emotions: examining the role of emotional memories.
It is proposed that emotional memories play an important role in the self-generation of positive emotions and a measure of emotional memories networks (EMN) had a predictive value for broad emotion regulation constructs and outcomes.


Reconstructing memory for emotions
This research assessed the stability of peoples' memory for their past emotions over time and the role of changing appraisals in accounting for biases in emotion recall. Following Ross Perot's abrupt
The Anatomy of Disappointment: A Naturalistic Test of Appraisal Models of Sadness, Anger, and Hope
Vignette and autobiographical recall studies have often been used to test models of the appraisals associated with specific emotions. Recently, critiques of both methodologies have called into
Mood and memory.
  • G. Bower
  • Psychology
    The American psychologist
  • 1981
Experiments in which happy or sad moods were induced in subjects by hyp- notic suggestion to investigate the influence of emo- tions on memory and thinking found that subjects exhibited mood-state-dependent memory in recall of word lists, personal experiences recorded in a daily diary, and childhood experiences.
Experienced and remembered emotional intensity in older adults.
Findings suggest that age differences in response to survey questions about emotional intensity may reflect changes in memory for past emotions, and changes in coping strategies, rather than the intensity of the older adults' emotional experience as it occurred.
The Relationships among Momentary Emotion Experiences, Personality Descriptions, and Retrospective Ratings of Emotion
In psychological research, respondents often make retrospective ratings of their emotional experiences after an extended period of time. The present study sought to determine whether such
Beyond General Arousal: Effects of Specific Emotions on Memory
This research examined the effects of happiness, anger, and sadness on participants' memory for different types of information in a narrative. Happiness and negative emotions were evoked in
Emotional events and emotions in autobiographical memories
It is October 11, 1991, and the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee is considering the controversial nomination to the Supreme Court of Judge Clarence Thomas, and towards the end of the nomination process, there is a surprise witness.
In search of the "hot" cognitions: attributions, appraisals, and their relation to emotion.
The results of both studies indicated that the emotions were more directly related to appraisals than they were to attributions, and Study 2 provided evidence that appraisal serves as a mediator between attribution and emotional response.
The Relation between Current Impressions and Memories of Self and Dating Partners
The purpose of the present study was to examine the association between naturally occurring changes in people's impressions and their recollections of themselves, close others, and their
Appraisal components, core relational themes, and the emotions
Abstract This study experimentally tests the contributions of specific appraisals, considered at both molecular (appraisal components) and molar (core relational themes) levels of analysis, to the