Remembering information related to one's self ☆

  title={Remembering information related to one's self ☆},
  author={Gordon H. Bower and Stephen G. Gilligan},
  journal={Journal of Research in Personality},
A Self-Reference Effect on Memory for People: We Are Particularly Good at Retrieving People Named Like Us
This experiment showed that such a self-reference bias also occurred even when the paired persons were close (partners or very good friends), a new naturalistic case of the self- reference effect.
Self effects in memory for person information.
Subjects' memory for trait adjectives generated under relatively naturalistic conditions was investigated. Forty-eight female pairs (comprised of a subject and a confederate) participated in a study
The effects of self-reference versus other reference on the recall of traits and nouns
Although self-reference often facilitates recall, this effect is not always obtained, and the present experiments were designed to discover when self-reference produces better memory than other
Self-referential processing in Alzheimer's disease: Two different ways of processing self-knowledge?
There might exist two ways of processing self-referential knowledge in human cognition: one explicit and the other more implicit, as shown in AD patients' recollective experience.
Culture and the Incidental Self- and Mother-Reference Effect in Memory
Co-presenting an item with self-relevant vs. other-relevant information at encoding can produce a self-memory advantage in the absence of any task demand to process the item’s self-relevancy. The
Memory for details with self-referencing
It is concluded that self-referencing not only enhances specific memory for both visual and verbal information, but can also disproportionately improve memory for specific internal source details.


Self-reference and the encoding of personal information.
Results indicate that self-reference is a rich and powerful encoding process that appears to function as a superordinate schema that is deeply involved in the processing, interpretation, and memory of personal information.
Self-schemata and processing information about the self.
Attempts to organize, summarize, or explain one's own behavior in a particular domain result in the formation of cognitive structures about the self or selfschemata. Self-schemata are cognitive
Depth of processing and the retention of words
SUMMARY Ten experiments were designed to explore the levels of processing framework for human memory research proposed by Craik and Lockhart (1972). The basic notions are that the episodic memory
Concreteness, imagery, and meaningfulness values for 925 nouns.
Likableness ratings of 555 personality-trait words.
  • N. Anderson
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1968