Remembering can cause forgetting: retrieval dynamics in long-term memory.

  title={Remembering can cause forgetting: retrieval dynamics in long-term memory.},
  author={M C Anderson and Robert A. Bjork and Elizabeth Ligon Bjork},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition},
  volume={20 5},
Three studies show that the retrieval process itself causes long-lasting forgetting. Ss studied 8 categories (e.g., Fruit). Half the members of half the categories were then repeatedly practiced through retrieval tests (e.g., Fruit Or_____). Category-cued recall of unpracticed members of practiced categories was impaired on a delayed test. Experiments 2 and 3 identified 2 significant features of this retrieval-induced forgetting: The impairment remains when output interference is controlled… 

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