Remembering Emotional Experiences: The Contribution of Valence and Arousal

  title={Remembering Emotional Experiences: The Contribution of Valence and Arousal},
  author={E. Kensinger},
  journal={Reviews in the Neurosciences},
  pages={241 - 252}
  • E. Kensinger
  • Published 2004
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Reviews in the Neurosciences
  • Emotional experiences can be described by two factors: valence (how negative or positive) and arousal (how calming or exciting). Although both dimensions appear to influence memory, they may do so via distinct mechanisms. The amygdala likely plays a specific role in modulating memory for arousing experiences, whereas non-amygdalar networks may be instrumental in enhancing memory for non-arousing positive or negative events. 
    420 Citations

    Figures and Topics from this paper

    Remembering the Details: Effects of Emotion
    • E. Kensinger
    • Psychology, Medicine
    • Emotion review : journal of the International Society for Research on Emotion
    • 2009
    • 455
    • PDF
    When Emotion Intensifies Memory Interference
    • 13
    • PDF
    How emotional arousal enhances episodic memory
    • 8
    • Highly Influenced
    • PDF
    How Does Negative Emotion Cause False Memories?
    • 150
    Emotional memory modulation in schizophrenia: an overview
    • 17
    Modulating Effects of Emotional Valence on Recognition Memory for High-Arousal Pictures
    • Highly Influenced
    • PDF
    The effects of valence and arousal on the neural activity leading to subsequent memory.
    • 82
    • PDF
    The effect of arousal on the emotional memory network depends on valence
    • 95
    • PDF


    Cognitive and neural mechanisms of emotional memory
    • S. Hamann
    • Psychology, Medicine
    • Trends in Cognitive Sciences
    • 2001
    • 838
    • PDF
    Two routes to emotional memory: distinct neural processes for valence and arousal.
    • E. Kensinger, S. Corkin
    • Psychology, Medicine
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
    • 2004
    • 700
    • PDF
    Amygdala activity related to enhanced memory for pleasant and aversive stimuli
    • 918
    • PDF
    Vivid memories of emotional events: The accuracy of remembered minutiae
    • 467
    • PDF
    Amygdala Automaticity in Emotional Processing
    • 244
    β-Adrenergic activation and memory for emotional events
    • 790
    Dissociated neural representations of intensity and valence in human olfaction
    • 962
    • PDF
    Remembering pictures: pleasure and arousal in memory.
    • 1,036
    The amygdala: Neurobiological aspects of emotion, memory, and mental dysfunction.
    • 1,248
    The amygdala: vigilance and emotion
    • 2,585
    • PDF