Remembered duration: Effects of event and sequence complexity

  title={Remembered duration: Effects of event and sequence complexity},
  author={Richard A. Block},
  journal={Memory \& Cognition},
  • R. Block
  • Published 1 May 1978
  • Psychology
  • Memory & Cognition
Two experiments investigated the remembered duration of relatively long intervals. In both, subjects viewed two sequences of visual patterns. Then they unexpectedly were asked to make a comparative judgment of duration of the two intervals. In Experiment 1 there was no effect of complexity of the individual patterns on remembered duration. In Experiment 2, however, there was an effect of complexity of the entire sequence, with a complex sequence remembered as longer in duration than a simple… 
Organization Of Stimulus Events And Remembered Apparent Duration
Abstract Two experiments, using Bransford and Johnson's (1972) paradigm, investigated the relationship between the degree of organization of the stimulus events occurring during the interval and the
Remembered Duration: Evidence for a Contextual-Change Hypothesis
Level of processing of presented information did not affect remembered duration, and an interval containing different kinds of tasks was remembered as being longer than one containing a single kind of task.
Remembered duration: Evidence for a contextual-change hypothesis.
Level of processing of presented information did not affect remembered duration, and an interval containing different kinds of tasks was remembered as being longer than one containing a single kind of task.
Remembered duration: imagery processes and contextual encoding.
  • R. Block
  • Psychology, Biology
    Acta psychologica
  • 1986
Perceived duration of auditory sequences.
Pure tone auditory sequences were presented in a successive comparison task to Ss and it was suggested that the presence or absence of a significant POE was related to the ability of the S to store the sequences in memory.
Temporal judgments and contextual change.
  • R. Block
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 1982
Changes in process context--the internal context produced by the performance of specific cognitive processes--lengthened remembered duration, but the effect did not simply add on to the effects of environmental context.
Changes in internal tempo and effects on the learning and remembering of event durations
How changes in internal tempo may influence the learning and remembering of event durations were investigated in 4 experiments. In the first 2 experiments, stress or relaxation was induced in
Duration judgment and the experience of change
Predictions based on storage size, processing effort, and change models of time estimation were tested in five experiments. The first of these presented subjects with stimulus patterns that varied on
Memory Mechanisms and the Psychophysical Scaling of Duration
Two experiments were performed to examine the suggestion that underlying memory mechanisms may be revealed in the form of the psychophysical function for duration. In experiment 1 a broad range of


Memory and the experience of duration in retrospect
  • R. Block
  • Psychology
    Memory & cognition
  • 1974
Two experiments investigated the relationship between long-term memory for events occurring during an interval and the experience of duration of the interval in retrospect and discussed in terms of Ornstein’s (1969) “storage size” hypothesis.
Attention and the Perception of Duration during Encoding and Retrieval
Separate groups of subjects spent 50 s encoding a list of nonsense syllables, or a list of unrelated words, or a list of related words, and then 50 s attempting to recall them. On a subsequent
Contextual effects in duration experience.
The role of contextual factors on duration estimates was investigated, employing 6 time intervals ranging from 15 to 35 sec (demarcated by the onset and termination of a display panel of lights); results suggest that duration estimates are affected by the context of the stimulus intervals with regard to other stimuli in the series.
Contextual associations and memory for serial position.
Three experiments used a combination list-discrimination and positionjudgment task to investigate the role of contextual factors in incidental memory for serial position. In Experiment I, two
Apparent duration of long meaningful events and meaningless intervals
The relationship between perceived and physical time was found to follow Stevens’ power law, and confidence limits of exponents obtained in this study include the exponents previously reported for short durations.
Temporal Codes for Memories: Issues and Problems
Abstract : This report addresses the question of the mechanisms by which order information is attached to memories. The results of sixteen experiments indicate the role of some independent variables
A theoretical proposition that changes in the organization and structure of auditory information result in changes in temporal experience was tested and none of the three hypotheses—that time would seem to pass more slowly in the coded than in the decoded condition or that as the period of bedrest progressed differences in duration experience would occur—was supported by the data.
Transfer of time judgments as a function of feedback.
Male college students verbally judged time intervals with or without feedback on the accuracy of their judgments after each trial. Some subjects judged only short intervals (5-10 sec) in both
Time perception and stimulus preference as a function of stimulus complexity.
  • H. Hogan
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1975
In this study, time was considered a socially existential variable that can most meaningfully be measured by comparing two or more subjectively experienced durations, each with the other(s), and two hypotheses were tested.