Remediation of Groundwater Contaminated with Zn , Pb and Cd using a Permeable Reactive Barrier with Apatite II

Abstract

Introduction Phosphate-Induced Metal Stabilization (PIMS) using Apatite II stabilizes a wide range of metals, especially Pb, Cd, Zn, U and Pu, in situ or ex situ, by chemically binding them into new stable phosphate phases and other low-solubility phases that are stable over geologic time. The concept resulted from paleochemical oceanographic and… (More)

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