Remeasuring man

@article{Weisberg2014RemeasuringM,
  title={Remeasuring man},
  author={Michael Weisberg},
  journal={Evolution \& Development},
  year={2014},
  volume={16}
}
Samuel George Morton (1799–1851) was the most highly regarded American scientist of the early and middle 19th century. Thanks largely to Stephen Jay Gould's book The Mismeasure of Man, Morton's cranial capacity measurements of different races is now held up as a prime example of and cautionary tale against scientific racism. A team of anthropologists recently reevaluated Morton's work and argued that it was Gould, not Morton, who was biased in his analysis. This article is a reexamination of… Expand

Topics from this paper

The fault in his seeds: Lost notes to the case of bias in Samuel George Morton’s cranial race science
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The discovery of nearly 180-year-old cranial measurements in the archives of 19th century American physician and naturalist Samuel George Morton can address a lingering debate about the unconscious bias alleged in Morton’s comparative data of brain size in human racial groups. Expand
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It is argued that there is no appropriate way to answer any of the plausibly interesting questions about the "populations" in question (which in many cases are not populations in any biologically meaningful sense), and Gould was right to reject Morton's analysis as inappropriate and misleading, but wrong to believe that a more appropriate analysis was available. Expand
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The Army Beta test for illiterate American draftees in World War I was a well-designed test by the standards of the time, and all evidence indicates that it measured intelligence a century ago and can, to some extent, do so today. Expand
The vanishing Black Indian: Revisiting craniometry and historic collections.
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It is proposed that differences in repeatability for the Seminoles and Euro-American soldiers reflect this process and transformation of racialized identities during 19th century U.S. nation-building. Expand
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The Morton case provides an example of how the scientific method can shield results from cultural biases, by remeasuring Morton's skulls and reexamining both Morton's and Gould's analyses. Expand
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