C2-Fluoro substituted DC-81, and its dimers that comprise of two C2-fluoro substituted DC-81 subunits tethered to their C8-position through simple alkane spacers as well as piperazine moiety side-armed with symmetrical alkyloxy spacers have been designed and synthesized. These fluoro substituted pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]benzodiazepines have shown remarkable DNA-binding ability and most of them possess promising anticancer activity, having GI(50) values in micromolar to nanomolar concentration range. DNA thermal denaturation studies show that some of these compounds (14a-c and 15) increase the DeltaT(m) values in the range of 28.9-38 degrees C, and this is further confirmed by the restriction endonuclease studies. This study illustrates the importance of introducing fluoro substitution at the C2-position apart from the incorporation of a piperazine ring in between the alkyloxy linker for enhancement of the DNA-binding ability in comparison to DSB-120 and SJG-136 (DeltaT(m)=10.2 and 25.7 degrees C). Moreover, the variations in the DNA-binding ability with respect to fluoro substitution in this class of dimers has been investigated by molecular modeling studies. Some representative C2-fluoro substituted dimers (8a and 14a) have also exhibited significant anticancer activity in the 60 cancer cell line assay of the National Cancer Institute (NCI).