Religiosity and fear of death: a three‐nation comparison

  title={Religiosity and fear of death: a three‐nation comparison},
  author={Lee Ellis and Eshah A. Wahab and Malini Ratnasingan},
  journal={Mental Health, Religion \& Culture},
  pages={179 - 199}
Numerous studies have sought to determine if religiosity is correlated with fear of death. Findings have been anything but consistent, with reports of negative relationships, positive relationships, no relationship, and even curvilinear associations. To shed light on this still contentious issue, the present study was undertaken among college students in three countries – Malaysia, Turkey, and the United States. Overall, the patterns in all three countries were similar. When linearity was… 

Religiosity and Fear of Death: A Theory-Oriented Review of the Empirical Literature

Do religious people fear death more or less than those who are nonreligious? According to two theories, religiosity and fear of death should be inversely correlated. A third theory suggests that

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ABSTRACT Various theories of religion hypothesize a connection between death anxiety and religiosity. In particular, Terror Management Theory’s worldview defence hypothesis predicts that death

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Examining the Complex Relation Among Religion, Morality, and Death Anxiety: Religion Can Be a Source of Comfort and Concern Regarding Fears of Death

Findings support the idea that some aspects of religion can help protect people from death anxiety, whereas other aspects of Religion can exacerbate fears of death.

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For over a century, social scientists have predicted declines in religious beliefs and their replacement with more scientific/naturalistic outlooks, a prediction known as the secularization

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Despite the centrality of afterlife reward and punishment beliefs in the religious life of Muslims, few empirical studies have sought to understand how such beliefs affect the psychological state and

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Death anxiety is a common phenomenon that humans experience. It is multidimensional. There has been an upsurged interest around the discussion on death anxiety across the globe, however, much of the

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Assessment of whether the relationship between forgiveness by God and death anxiety varies according to how people view God suggests that the relationship is strongest among people with a theistic view of God, significantly weaker amongPeople with a pantheistic viewof God, and not significant among individuals with a deisticView of God.

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Death anxiety is a complicated construct. It is experienced with variable severity during one’s life. Individuals react and cope with death anxiety in their own way. There are many theories about

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The sacred texts in Judaism, Christianity and Islam all advocate the idea of a Day of Judgment following death. The aims of the present study were (1) to investigate the psychometric properties of



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Gender, religiosity, perceived time-left-to-live and the interactions between these variables as predictors of fear of death in 144 Atlantic Canadian students using the Multidimensional Fear of Death Scale showed significant gender effects on 2 MFODS subscales, such that women demonstrated greater fear for significant others and fear of the dead.

Religiosity and Death Anxiety: A Multi-Dimensional Analysis

Theoretical and empirical studies of religion's effects on human frustration and anxiety are reviewed. The multi-dimensionality of death anxiety is discussed in relationship to studies employing

The influence of religion on death anxiety and death acceptance

Parishioners (n = 130) of an Episcopal church in New York City participated in a survey to explore the relationship between the religiosity, death acceptance, and death anxiety. Among the four


The findings of the current work indicate that the general predictors of death anxiety, gender, age, and religiosity reported in Western, predominantly Christian samples also hold in an Eastern, Muslim sample.

Religiosity and Death Anxiety: No Association in Kuwait

In a sample of 162 Kuwaiti college students, the mean scores on the death anxiety scales by Templer, Abdel-Khalek, and the Collett-Lester were higher than that in an American sample, except for one subscale of the Col 1925 Scale, i.e., Dying of Self.

Fear of death in older adults: predictions from terror management theory.

  • V. Cicirelli
  • Psychology
    The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences
  • 2002
Regression analysis findings offered partial support toTerror management theory, with greater Fear of the Unknown (fear of annihilation) related to weaker religiosity, less social support, and greater externality; the effect of self-esteem was mediated by externability.

Are personality, well-being and death anxiety related to religious affiliation?

A survey design was used to examine if there are any differences between a Christian, a Muslim, and a non-religious group in five personality factors (dominance, liveliness, warmth, apprehension, and

Fear of Personal Death: The Effects of Sex and Religious Belief

The fear of personal death can be expressed in a variety of ways according to the different aspects of death. The present study employed a multidimensional method of measurement to investigate


This study examined the applicability of the Multidimensional Fear of Death Scale in Lithuania, a culture where death anxiety has not been studied previously, and ascertained the relationship between death anxiety and a multidimensional measure of religiosity.

Belief in Afterlife and Death Anxiety: Correlates and Comparisons

Previous investigations of the relationship between death anxiety and belief in afterlife have often yielded inconsistent results. In an attempt to establish a common linkage between the two