Religiosity/spirituality and health. A critical review of the evidence for biological pathways.

@article{Seeman2003ReligiosityspiritualityAH,
  title={Religiosity/spirituality and health. A critical review of the evidence for biological pathways.},
  author={Teresa Seeman and Linda Fagan Dubin and Melvin Seeman},
  journal={The American psychologist},
  year={2003},
  volume={58 1},
  pages={
          53-63
        }
}
The authors review evidence regarding the biological processes that may link religiosity/spirituality to health. A growing body of observational evidence supports the hypothesis that links religiosity/spirituality to physiological processes. Although much of the earliest evidence came from cross-sectional studies with questionable generalizability and potential confounding, more recent research, with more representative samples and multivariate analysis, provides stronger evidence linking Judeo… 

Tables from this paper

Religiosity/Spirituality and Physiological Markers of Health
TLDR
It is suggested that R/S benefits health, perhaps through minimizing the disruptive effects of stress/depression on inflammation.
Spirituality, religion, and health. An emerging research field.
TLDR
The investigation of spiritual/religious factors in health is clearly warranted and clinically relevant and the persistent predictive relationship between religious variables and health, and its implications for future research and practice are explored.
Religion, religiosity and spirituality in the biopsychosocial model of health and ageing
TLDR
Evidence that religiosity/spirituality and the tendency to use these in coping are positively associated with mental and physical health in older adults are reviewed, as well as evidence that members of different religious groups differ in levels of health.
Religiosity and Health: A Holistic Biopsychosocial Perspective
TLDR
Findings from studies that demonstrate that religious involvement favors health and longevity across the life course are presented, including protective associations with stress, depression, self-rated health, and infant birth weight.
Untangling the mechanisms underlying the links between religiousness, spirituality, and better health
Soc Personal Psychol Compass. 2017;11:e12299. https://doi.org/10.1111/spc3.12299 w Abstract Religion and spirituality are major forces in the lives of Americans. A large and growing body of research
Spirituality, religion and health: evidence and research directions
TLDR
The strongest evidence exists for the association between religious attendance and mortality, with higher levels of attendance predictive of a strong, consistent and often graded reduction in mortality risk.
Model of Individual Health Effects from Religion/Spirituality: Supporting Evidence
This chapter is the first of thirteen reviews in this volume providing a public health perspective on the empirical evidence relating religion and spirituality (R/S) to physical and mental health.
Research Commentary on “The Spirituality Scale”
The purpose of Delaney’s (2005) study was to develop a measure assessing the beliefs, intuitions, lifestyle choices, and customs that indicate one’s human spirituality. Delaney argued that spiritual
Physiological Mechanisms Involved in Religiosity/Spirituality and Health
  • K. Seybold
  • Psychology
    Journal of Behavioral Medicine
  • 2007
TLDR
A rationale for why such an outcome might be expected is developed and various physiological mechanisms that could mediate the effect of R/S on health are described.
Religio-Spiritual Interventions for Health and Well-Being
In view of increasing stresses human life is becoming more vulnerable. There is lack of mental peace, life satisfaction and positivity in relationships. In this context of existential challenge
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 75 REFERENCES
Spirituality, religion, and health. An emerging research field.
TLDR
The investigation of spiritual/religious factors in health is clearly warranted and clinically relevant and the persistent predictive relationship between religious variables and health, and its implications for future research and practice are explored.
Religious involvement, spirituality, and medicine: implications for clinical practice.
TLDR
Most studies have shown that religious involvement and spirituality are associated with better health outcomes, including greater longevity, coping skills, and health-related quality of life (even during terminal illness) and less anxiety, depression, and suicide.
Religious commitment and health status: a review of the research and implications for family medicine.
TLDR
Empirical data suggest that practitioners who make several small changes in how patients' religious commitments are broached in clinical practice may enhance health care outcomes.
Empirical Research on Religion and Psychotherapeutic Processes and Outcomes : A 10-Year Review and Research Prospectus
A decade of research on religion and counseling, consisting of 148 empirical articles, was reviewed. Methodological sophistication, poor a decade ago, has approached current secular standards, except
The ironson-woods spirituality/religiousness index is associated with long survival, health behaviors, less distress, and low cortisol in people with HIV/AIDS
TLDR
The Ironson-Woods Spirituality/Religiousness (SR) Index is presented with evidence for its reliability and validity and yielded strong and significant correlations with less distress, more hope, social support, health behaviors, helping others, and lower cortisol levels.
The Religion-Health Connection: Evidence, Theory, and Future Directions
  • C. Ellison, Jeffrey S. Levin
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Health education & behavior : the official publication of the Society for Public Health Education
  • 1998
TLDR
The aim of this article is to identify the most promising explanatory mechanisms for religious effects on health, giving particular attention to the relationships between religious factors and the central constructs of the life stress paradigm, which guides most current social and behavioral research on health outcomes.
Stress reduction through mindfulness meditation. Effects on psychological symptomatology, sense of control, and spiritual experiences.
  • J. Astin
  • Psychology
    Psychotherapy and psychosomatics
  • 1997
TLDR
The techniques of mindfulness meditation, with their emphasis on developing detached observation and awareness of the contents of consciousness, may represent a powerful cognitive behavioral coping strategy for transforming the ways in which the authors respond to life events.
The relation between religiosity, selected health behaviors, and blood pressure among adult females.
TLDR
Results support a direct relationship between religiosity and BP, rather than an indirect effect through intermediate health behaviors, suggesting that religiosity may be associated with lower levels of BP via a direct pathway, such as improving the ability to cope with stress.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...