Relict or colonizer? Extinction and range expansion of penguins in southern New Zealand.

@article{Boessenkool2009RelictOC,
  title={Relict or colonizer? Extinction and range expansion of penguins in southern New Zealand.},
  author={Sanne Boessenkool and Jeremy J Austin and Trevor H Worthy and Paul Scofield and Alan Cooper and Philip J. Seddon and Jonathan M Waters},
  journal={Proceedings. Biological sciences},
  year={2009},
  volume={276 1658},
  pages={815-21}
}
Recent human expansion into the Pacific initiated a dramatic avian extinction crisis, and surviving taxa are typically interpreted as declining remnants of previously abundant populations. As a case in point, New Zealand's endangered yellow-eyed penguin (Megadyptes antipodes) is widely considered to have been more abundant and widespread in the past. By contrast, our genetic and morphological analyses of prehistoric, historic and modern penguin samples reveal that this species expanded its… CONTINUE READING

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