Reliance on Luck

@article{Hamerman2015RelianceOL,
  title={Reliance on Luck},
  author={Eric J Hamerman and Carey K. Morewedge},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  year={2015},
  volume={41},
  pages={323 - 335}
}
People often resort to superstitious behavior to facilitate goal achievement. We examined whether the specific type of achievement goal pursued influences the propensity to engage in superstitious behavior. Across six studies, we found that performance goals were more likely than learning goals to elicit superstitious behavior. Participants were more likely to engage in superstitious behavior at high than at low levels of chronic performance orientation, but superstitious behavior was not… 

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