Reliability of anatomical landmarks for skin perforators of the thoracodorsal artery perforator flap.

Abstract

BACKGROUND The thoracodorsal artery perforator flap was first introduced in 1995. Many authors focused on using anatomical landmarks to identify skin perforators and on thinning procedures for a skin paddle. In this study, we used the superthin free thoracodorsal artery perforator flap for resurfacing shallow defects of the extremities in 10 patients… (More)

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